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Schistosome parasites have co-evolved an intricate relationship with their human and snail hosts as well as a novel interplay between the adult male and female parasites. We review the role of the TGF-beta signaling pathway in parasite development, host-parasite interactions and male-female interactions. The data to date support multiple roles for the(More)
In schistosomiasis mansoni, hepatic granulomatous inflammation surrounding parasite eggs is mediated by CD4(+) T helper (Th) cells sensitized to schistosomal egg antigens (SEA). We previously showed that a prominent lymphoproliferative response of CD4(+) Th cells from schistosome-infected C57BL/6 (BL/6) mice was directed against a 62-kDa component of SEA. A(More)
Protein-protein interactions occur in a wide variety of biological processes and essentially control the cell fate from division to death. Today, the identification of proteins that interact with a protein of interest is a focus of intensive research and is an essential element of the rapidly growing field of proteomics. Yeast two-hybrid assays represent a(More)
Schistosoma mansoni, a multicelluar eukaryotic blood fluke, is a major cause of morbidity worldwide in humans. The study of female parasite growth, development, and gene regulation is important because the eggs produced are responsible for the pathogenesis observed in schistosomiasis. p14, an eggshell precursor gene expressed only in sexually mature females(More)
Members of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily play pivotal roles in development in multicellular organisms. We report the functional characterization of the Schistosoma mansoni type II receptor (SmTbetaRII). Mining of the S. mansoni expressed sequence tag (EST) database identified an EST clone that shows homology to the kinase domain of(More)
ADP-ribosyl cyclases are structurally conserved enzymes that are best known for catalyzing the production of the calcium-mobilizing metabolite, cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (cADPR), from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)). However, these enzymes also produce adenosine diphosphate ribose (ADPR) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate(More)
Smad proteins are essential intracellular signal transducers of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily. The TGF-beta superfamily signals through phosphorylation and activation of R-Smad proteins, receptor-regulated Smads, by heteromeric complexes of ligand-specific type I and type II serine/threonine kinase receptors. R-Smads receive a(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily play pivotal roles in cell migration, differentiation, adhesion, pattern formation, and apoptosis. The family of Smad proteins acts as intracellular signal transducers of TGF-beta and related peptides. Smad4, a common mediator Smad (co-Smad), performs a central role in transmitting signals(More)
Expressed sequence tag (EST) sequencing and analysis is a primary research tool to identify and characterize the Schistosoma mansoni transcriptome. As part of our gene discovery effort, a total of 5,793 ESTs have been generated from clones selected randomly from complementary DNA (cDNA) libraries constructed from male and female adult worms. Assembly(More)
Drosophila (SINA) and human Seven in Absentia (SIAH-1 and SIAH-2) have been implicated in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of different target proteins. Using the Schistosoma mansoni nuclear receptor SmRXR2 as bait in a yeast two-hybrid system, we identified a DNA fragment that encodes part of the schistosome homologue of the Seven in Absentia protein(More)