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BACKGROUND Previous work has demonstrated that patients with borderline personality disorder show some similarities to patients with major depression, especially regarding their sleep profile. This study aimed at investigating such a hypothesis in an Egyptian sample, considering the possible influence of cultural differences. METHODS All night(More)
OBJECTIVE Assessment of cognitive functions among obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients would help in understanding the neurobiology and brain areas involved in that disorder. The objective of this work was to study the cognitive dysfunction in OCD patients and to identify its correlation with both the clinical picture and the severity of the(More)
What are the latest psychotherapeutic and pharmacotherapeutic treatment recommendations for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)? OCD is a relatively common disorder with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 2% in the general population. It often has an early onset, usually in childhood or adolescence, and frequently becomes chronic and disabling if left(More)
What are the current recommendations for the long-term treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)? GAD is a common disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 4% to 7% in the general population. GAD is characterized by excessive, uncontrollable worry or anxiety about a number of events or activities that the individual experiences on more days than not over(More)
Ninety patients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and diagnosed according to International Classification of Diseases (10th edition [ICD-10]) criteria attending the outpatient clinic of the Institute of Psychiatry in Cairo in 1991-1992 were assessed by the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) for symptomatology and severity of(More)
During a nine-month period (1974-75), 1,050 students (846 male, 204 female) at Ain Shams University, Cairo, attended the Student Health Centre. Fifty-two per cent were referred there by their general practitioners, 5 per cent by their families and 3 per cent through their faculties; the remainder (41 per cent) were self-referred. Male patients represented(More)
In the past few years several papers have reported critically on the risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviour associated with antidepressants, primarily SSRIs. The risk-benefit ratio of antidepressant (AD) treatment has been questioned especially in children and adolescents. The critical publications led to warnings being issued by regulatory authorities(More)
Data from two major government-funded studies of comparative antipsychotic effectiveness in schizophrenia contradict the widely prevalent belief that the newer second-generation medications are vastly superior to the older first-generation drugs. This has caused uncertainty among patients, clinicians and policy-makers about the relative utility of first-(More)
What are the symptoms of panic disorder and how is the disorder most effectively treated? One of the most commonly encountered anxiety disorders in the primary care setting, panic disorder is a chronic and debilitating illness. The core symptoms are recurrent panic attacks coupled with anticipatory anxiety and phobic avoidance, which together impair the(More)