Ahmed M. Abdel Rahman

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) maintains sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), and integrates adaptive reflexes. Orexin A-immunoreactive neurones in the lateral hypothalamus project to the RVLM. Microinjection of orexin A into RVLM increases blood pressure and heart rate. However, the expression of orexin receptors, and effects(More)
BACKGROUND Intrathecal (i.t.) injection of orexin A (OX-A) increases blood pressure and heart rate (HR), but the effects of OX-A on sympathetic and phrenic, nerve activity, and the baroreflex(es), somato-sympathetic and hypoxic chemoreflex(es) are unknown. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Urethane-anaesthetized, vagotomized and artificially ventilated male(More)
The hypothalamic peptide orexin plays a role in many physiological systems including feeding behavior, sleep-wakefulness, reward system, stress, and nociception. In addition, it is now clear that orexin is involved in the central regulation of cardiorespiratory function. Here, we review the cardiorespiratory effects elicited by central orexin and consider(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxaliplatin is a platinum-based chemotherapeutic drug used as a first-line therapy for colorectal cancer. However, its use is associated with severe gastrointestinal side-effects resulting in dose limitations and/or cessation of treatment. In this study, we tested whether oxidative stress, caused by chronic oxaliplatin treatment,(More)
This paper presents the Microstrip patch antenna for WLAN applications. The microstrip antenna has a planar geometry and it consists of a defected ground, a feed, a substrate, a patch and a defected ground structure. The design with DGS has been analysed and the simulation using the CST Microwave Studio commercial software for WLAN band at 5. 20 GHz(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) regulates sympathetic vasomotor outflow and reflexes. Intracerebroventricular neuromedin U (NMU) increases sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR), but the central nuclei that mediate these effects are unknown. In urethane-anesthetized, vagotomized, and artificially(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromedin U (NMU) is a brain-gut peptide that plays regulatory roles in feeding, anxiety, smooth muscle contraction, blood flow, pain and adrenocortical function via two receptors, the NMU receptor 1 and NMU receptor 2. NMU has several known functions in the periphery, but its role in central cardiorespiratory regulation remains poorly(More)
Gastrointestinal dysfunction is a common side-effect of chemotherapy leading to dose reductions and treatment delays. These side-effects may persist up to 10 years post-treatment. A topoisomerase I inhibitor, irinotecan (IRI), commonly used for the treatment of colorectal cancer, is associated with severe acute and delayed-onset diarrhea. The long-term(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the impact of Farmer Field Schools on farmer's adoption of IPM options for onion in the Gezira State. Field surveys were used to collect data from three Farmer Field Schools in the Gezira State in the 2010/2011 growing season. All FFS participants were used, i.e. 30 FFS-participants from each school. Equal number(More)
The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is increasing worldwide with patients experiencing severe impacts on their quality of life. It is well accepted that intestinal inflammation associates with extensive damage to the enteric nervous system (ENS), which intrinsically innervates the gastrointestinal tract and regulates all gut functions. Hence,(More)