Ahmed Hosny Omar Saad Ahmed

Learn More
Glutamate receptors are the most prevalent excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the vertebrate central nervous system and are important potential drug targets for cognitive enhancement and the treatment of schizophrenia. Allosteric modulators of AMPA receptors promote dimerization by binding to a dimer interface and reducing desensitization and(More)
Glutamate receptors are important potential drug targets for cognitive enhancement and the treatment of schizophrenia in part because they are the most prevalent excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the vertebrate central nervous system. One approach to the application of therapeutic agents to the AMPA subtype of glutamate receptors is the use of(More)
The mechanism by which agonist binding to an ionotropic glutamate receptor leads to channel opening is a central issue in molecular neurobiology. Partial agonists are useful tools for studying the activation mechanism because they produce full channel activation with lower probability than full agonists. Structural transitions that determine the efficacy of(More)
The majority of excitatory neurotransmission in the CNS is mediated by tetrameric AMPA receptors. Channel activation begins with a series of interactions with an agonist that binds to the cleft between the two lobes of the ligand-binding domain of each subunit. Binding leads to a series of conformational transitions, including the closure of the two lobes(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors mediate the majority of vertebrate excitatory synaptic transmission and are therapeutic targets for cognitive enhancement and treatment of schizophrenia. The binding domains of these tetrameric receptors consist of two dimers, and the dissociation of the dimer interface of the ligand-binding domain leads to desensitization in(More)
The mechanism by which the binding of a neurotransmitter to a receptor leads to channel opening is a central issue in molecular neurobiology. The structure of the agonist binding domain of ionotropic glutamate receptors has led to an improved understanding of the changes in structure that accompany agonist binding and have provided important clues about the(More)
AMPA receptors are the major excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the central nervous system and are involved in numerous neurological disorders. An agonist-binding site is present in each of four subunits that form a functional channel. Binding consists of three steps: docking of agonist to the bilobed ligand binding domain (LBD), closure of the LBD,(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors mediate the majority of vertebrate excitatory synaptic transmission. The development of selective antagonists for glutamate receptor subtypes is of interest in the treatment of a variety of neurological disorders. This study presents the crystal structure of the binding domain of GluR2 bound to two antagonists (UBP277 and(More)
Glutamate receptors mediate a vast array of processes in plants, animals and bacteria. In particular, the ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian central nervous system. Because these proteins are constructed from distinct folding domains, most of which can be traced to bacterial(More)