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The Ḥāshiya in Islamic Law: A Sketch of the Shāfiʿī Literature
This essay presents a survey of legal ḥawāshī (glosses) produced by Shāfiʿī jurists between the fifteenth and twentieth centuries. I outline the particular features of the legal ḥāshiya, the kind ofExpand
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The social construction of orthodoxy
Orthodoxy as a social phenomenon is not a “thing” but rather a process. For theological doctrines to become established as orthodox, they must find a place in the constantly changing net of socialExpand
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Fiqh, faqīh, fuqahāʾ