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The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between urine and/or stone cultures with postoperative sepsis in patients treated for renal and ureteral calculi. Three hundred and twenty-eight consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) or ureteroscopy from 2006 to 2009 were identified, all of whom had a stone(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are ubiquitous enzymes involved in extracellular matrix remodeling, and as a consequence in a number of physiological and pathological states, including development, wound healing and cancer. A crucial feature of cancer progression and metastasis is the disruption of extracellular matrix, and spreading of proliferating cancer(More)
There is an increasing body of evidence that the central nervous system is affected by cholestatic liver disorders. Cholestasis has been shown to result in a decreased seizure propensity which is believed to be mediated by an increased opioidergic tone and nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway. In this study, we used a reversible chemically-induced(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to determine whether reduced serum zinc level has a contributory effect on impairment of insulin secretion in beta-thalassemic patients with transfusion-induced iron overload. MATERIAL/METHODS Seventy thalassemia patients who received deferoxamine chelation therapy and 69 healthy individuals as the control group were evaluated. A(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are hypothesized to be the main culprit of lung cancer progression. Clinicopathological significance of stem cell markers CD133 and ALDH1 in a large group of lung cancer patients was evaluated. ALDH1 and CD133 had higher expression levels in the NSCLC compared to the SCLC. Over-expression of both ALDH1 and CD133 markers was(More)
The Matrix metalloproteinas-9 functional promoter polymorphism 1562C>T may be considered an important genetic determinant of early-onset coronary artery disease (ECAD). In this study, association between MMP-9 1562C>T allele with plasma MMP-9 activity, homocysteine and lipid–lipoproteins level and ECAD in Iranian subjects was investigated. This case–control(More)
INTRODUCTION Skin cancers, particularly melanoma, are initiated and maintained by a subpopulation of tumor cells expressing stemness markers that are called cancer stem cells (CSCs). This study aimed to evaluate the expression levels and clinicopathological significance of the putative CSC markers CD44 and ALDH1A1 in patients with skin cancer. METHODS The(More)
INTRODUCTION Subpopulations of prostate cancer (PCa) cells expressing putative stem cell markers possess the ability to promote tumor growth, maintenance, and progression. This study aimed to evaluate the expression patterns and clinical significance of putative stem cell marker aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 A1 (ALDH1A1) in prostate tumor tissues. MATERIALS(More)
The objective of this work was to examine the time-dependent pro-oxidant versus antioxidant effect of various doses of vitamin E used commonly in experimental studies. Erythrocyte activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), catalase (CAT) and plasma lipid peroxidation levels were investigated following biweekly intramuscular(More)
BACKGROUND According to the cancer stem cell theory, tumors originate from a subset of cells known as cancer stem cells (CSCs) that are responsible for tumor initiation, resistance and relapse. CD44 is a cell adhesion molecule that can aid in the identification of CSCs in various malignancies. OBJECTIVE The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the(More)