Ahmad Reza Bahrmand

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OBJECTIVE To collect data on non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolated from clinical laboratories in different countries to establish: 1) whether the isolation of NTM was increasing, 2) which species were increasing, and 3) whether there was any pattern of geographical distribution. DESIGN In 1996, the Working Group of the Bacteriology and Immunology(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of multiple mutations in the rpoB gene as well as predominant nucleotide changes and their correlation with high levels of resistance to rifampin (rifampicin) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates that were randomly collected from the sputa of 46 patients with primary and secondary cases of active(More)
Various molecular methods have been used for the rapid identification of mycobacterial species. In this survey, evaluation of antibiotic resistance and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PRA) of the hsp65 gene was carried out for identification of non-tuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) isolates from different clinical specimens. Forty-eight(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency, location and type of katG mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis collected from patients in southern endemic region of Iran. Drug susceptibility testing was determined by using the BACTEC system and CDC standard conventional proportional method. All 28 isolates were resistant to isoniazid (100%),(More)
This study describes the design and evaluation of a portable bright-field and fluorescence microscope that can be manufactured for $240 USD. The microscope uses a battery-operated LED-based flashlight as the light source and achieves a resolution of 0.8 microm at 1000x magnification in fluorescence mode. We tested the diagnostic capability of this new(More)
SETTING Health care clinics and private practitioners in Tehran. OBJECTIVE To analyse rates of drug resistance and response to treatment in tuberculosis patients. DESIGN A prospective study of 257 patients undergoing treatment for whom data were collected on drug susceptibility testing and outcome as well as age, sex and history of treatment. RESULTS(More)
Two rapid procedures, restriction enzyme analysis of the amplified segment of the gene encoding for the 65000 mol. wt heat shock protein and a polymerase chain reaction with single universal primer (UP-PCR), were used for the identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (n = 47) and proving the species identity of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM,(More)
The polymerase chain reaction with a single universal primer (UP-PCR) was applied to bacterial strains and mycobacteria isolates alongside conventional methods. A universal protocol of preparation of PCR samples from cultures representing Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Klebsiella(More)
A nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been used for the rapid detection of tubercule bacilli in respiratory specimens from 287 patients suspected of tuberculosis. The results of PCR testing were compared with isolation methods (conventional culture and Bactec system) in 110 smear-positive and 177 smear-negative patients. There were only 4 false(More)
A new technique of PCR hot start using oligonucleotide primers with a stem-loop structure is developed here. The molecular beacon oligonucleotide structure without any chromophore addition to the ends was used. The 3'-end sequence of the primers was complementary to the target and five or six nucleotides complementary to the 3'-end were added to the 5'-end.(More)