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The apical membrane antigen-1 (AMA-1) of Plasmodium falciparum is a prime malaria asexual blood-stage vaccine candidate. Antigenic variation is one of the main obstacles in the development of a universal effective malaria vaccine. The extracellular region of P. falciparum AMA-1 (PfAMA-1) consists of three domains (I-III), of which the domain I is the most(More)
a paper entitled " Anti-Toxoplasma gondii Antibody Levels in Blood Supply of Shiraz Blood Transfusion Institute, Iran " by Shaddel et al. was published and prevalence of toxoplasmosis was reported as 23.6% in blood products. In this regard, following notes should be considered. Blood transfusion is an important lifesaving medical intervention throughout(More)
The knob-associated histidine-rich protein (KAHRP) plays a major role in the virulence of Plasmodium falciparum and is one of the targets for molecular therapy. The primary structure of KAHRP of P. falciparum consists of three domains (regions I-III), of which the C-terminal domain (region III) is the most polymorphic segment of this protein. One of the(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria is the most important transfusion-transmitted infection (TTI) in worldwide after viral hepatitis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The main objective of the present study was to review and evaluate the transmission of malaria via blood transfusion in Iran. METHODS A literature search was done without time limitation in(More)
BACKGROUND Toxoplasmosis is a common parasitic disease. There is likelihood of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii in blood donors during the periods of life. Currently, laboratory screening of blood donors for T. gondii is not routinely available. The objectives of this review were to study the effects of T. gondii on blood safety and to approach for risk(More)
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