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Since bovine cumulus oophorous and oviductal cell cultures are known to support and maintain frozen-thawed bovine sperm viability and motility for extended time periods, we investigated whether granulosa cell (GC)- and oviductal cell (OC)-conditioned media have similar effects. GC and OC were cultured for 3 days in TCM-199 medium supplemented with 10% fetal(More)
The gastrointestinal tract commensal microbiome is important for host nutrition, health and immunity. Little information is available regarding the role of these commensals at other mucosal surfaces in poultry. Tracheal mucosal surfaces offer sites for first-line health and immunity promotion in broilers, especially under stress-related conditions. The(More)
This study examined the effect of metal ions Ca2+, Mg2+, and Mn2+ and sonication on ejaculated frozen-thawed bovine sperm adenylate cyclase activity, and whether cAMP levels in sperm changed during capacitation with heparin. The sperm adenylate cyclase was almost insensitive to Ca2+ at concentrations up to 10 mM when cold-shocked homogenized spermatozoa(More)
This report examines several potential revenue enhancement alternatives for ALDOT. To provide specific, useful information, it focuses on three areas:  A survey of Alabama citizens to determine their attitude toward several revenue enhancement alternatives  An evaluation of which of the alternatives are capable of producing significant revenue increases (More)
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