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Errors in medicine result in over 44,000 preventable deaths annually. Some of these errors are made by specialized physicians at the time of diagnosis. Building on error frameworks proposed in the literature, we tested the experimental hypothesis that physicians within a given specialty have a bias in diagnosing cases outside their own domain as being(More)
Utilizing Bayesian beliefnetworks as a model of causality, we examined medical students' ability to discover causal relationships from observational data. Nine sets ofpatient cases were generatedfrom relatively simple causal beliefnetworks by stochastic simulation. Twenty participants examined the data sets and attempted to discover the underlying causal(More)
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