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PURPOSE BAY 43-9006 is a novel dual-action Raf kinase and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor that inhibits tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis. This study established the safety and pharmacokinetics of BAY 43-9006 in 69 patients with advanced refractory solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS BAY 43-9006 (50 to 800 mg) was administered(More)
BACKGROUND No effective standard treatment exists for patients with radioiodine-refractory, advanced differentiated thyroid carcinoma. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of vandetanib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of RET, VEGFR and EGFR signalling, in this setting. METHODS In this randomised, double-blind, phase 2 trial, we enrolled adults (aged ≥18(More)
BACKGROUND Phase 2 studies suggest that the standard regimen of cisplatin and fluorouracil (PF) plus docetaxel (TPF) improves outcomes in squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck. We compared TPF with PF as induction chemotherapy in patients with locoregionally advanced, unresectable disease. METHODS We randomly assigned eligible patients between the(More)
PURPOSE This phase III randomized trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00337103) compared eribulin with capecitabine in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Women with MBC who had received prior anthracycline- and taxane-based therapy were randomly assigned to receive eribulin or capecitabine as their(More)
PURPOSE Neratinib is an oral, irreversible pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The efficacy and safety of neratinib were evaluated in two cohorts of patients with advanced ErbB2-positive breast cancer-those with and those without prior trastuzumab treatment-in an open-label, multicenter, phase II trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients in the two(More)
BACKGROUND Volasertib (BI 6727) is a potent and selective cell-cycle kinase inhibitor that induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis by targeting Polo-like kinase (Plk). This phase I dose-escalation study evaluated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of volasertib, safety and efficacy, and pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters. METHODS This trial followed an(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular screening programs use next-generation sequencing (NGS) of cancer gene panels to analyze metastatic biopsies. We interrogated whether plasma could be used as an alternative to metastatic biopsies. PATIENTS AND METHODS The Ion AmpliSeq™ Cancer Hotspot Panel v2 (Ion Torrent), covering 2800 COSMIC mutations from 50 cancer genes was used(More)
Treatments currently recommended for metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) have not been evaluated specifically in elderly patients. Here we consider what may be learned by analysing according to age the efficacy and toxicity data from key phase III trials of the targeted agents sorafenib (Nexavar), sunitinib (Sutent), temsirolimus (Torisel), and bevacizumab(More)
Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that inhibits Raf serine/threonine kinases and receptor tyrosine kinases involved in tumor growth and angiogenesis. It has demonstrated preclinical and clinical activity in several tumor types. Sorafenib 400 mg twice daily (bid) has been approved in several countries worldwide for the treatment of renal cell(More)
BAY 43-9006 is a novel dual-action Raf kinase and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitor that targets tumour cell proliferation and tumour angiogenesis. This Phase I study was undertaken to determine the safety profile, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), pharmacokinetics, and tumour response profile of oral(More)