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BACKGROUND Phase 2 studies suggest that the standard regimen of cisplatin and fluorouracil (PF) plus docetaxel (TPF) improves outcomes in squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck. We compared TPF with PF as induction chemotherapy in patients with locoregionally advanced, unresectable disease. METHODS We randomly assigned eligible patients between the(More)
PURPOSE This phase III randomized trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00337103) compared eribulin with capecitabine in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Women with MBC who had received prior anthracycline- and taxane-based therapy were randomly assigned to receive eribulin or capecitabine as their(More)
BAY 43-9006 is a novel dual-action Raf kinase and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitor that targets tumour cell proliferation and tumour angiogenesis. This Phase I study was undertaken to determine the safety profile, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), pharmacokinetics, and tumour response profile of oral(More)
Data from two phase 3 studies of eribulin were pooled in analyses initially requested by the European Medicines Agency to assess whether specific patient subgroups, previously treated with an anthracycline and a taxane, benefited from eribulin. Study 305/EMBRACE included women after two-to-five lines of chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer who were(More)
Carzelesin is a cyclopropylpyrroloindole analogue which acts as a DNA-sequence-specific alkylating agent. In this phase I study, Carzelesin was given as a 4-weekly 10 min i.v. infusion to 51 patients with advanced solid tumours. Patients received a median of two courses (range 1-5) at one of nine dose levels: 24, 48, 96, 130, 150, 170, 210, 250 and 300(More)
Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that inhibits Raf serine/threonine kinases and receptor tyrosine kinases involved in tumor growth and angiogenesis. It has demonstrated preclinical and clinical activity in several tumor types. Sorafenib 400 mg twice daily (bid) has been approved in several countries worldwide for the treatment of renal cell(More)
BACKGROUND With its potent inhibitory effects against Raf-1 kinase and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2, sorafenib is a novel oral anticancer agent targeting signal transduction and angiogenic pathways. This study is designed to combine sorafenib and gemcitabine due to their compatibility in preclinical models and nonoverlapping clinical(More)
The development of targeted therapies has provided new options for the management of patients with advanced solid tumors. There has been particular interest in agents that target the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, which controls tumor growth and survival and promotes angiogenesis. Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that has been proven(More)
From the early experience with tamoxifen to the current use of Herceptin, targeted therapy has been proven to be an important part of breast cancer (BC) treatment. In the last decade, advances in molecular biology have allowed scientists to design highly individualized, 'smart' pharmaceuticals, capable of manipulating the growth factor pathways and the(More)