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BACKGROUND Despite numerous studies on the comorbidity of bipolar and anxiety disorders, there is no satisfactory psychopathological model for their overlap. METHOD 1,090 hospitalized patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for a manic episode of bipolar I disorder were subtyped according to the presence or not of lifetime anxiety comorbidity and assessed for(More)
Risk factors that may be associated with suicide attempts in bipolar disorder are still a matter of debate. We compared demographic, illness course, clinical, and temperamental features of suicide attempters vs those of nonattempters in a large sample of bipolar I patients admitted for an index manic episode. One thousand ninety patients (attempters = 382,(More)
Riluzole has been reported to protect against the deleterious effect of cerebral ischemia by blocking glutamatergic neurotransmission. Here, we investigated whether acoustic trauma-induced cochlear excitotoxicity could be attenuated by riluzole. Cumulative intracochlear perfusion of riluzole completely abolished single-nerve fiber activity in the guinea pig(More)
It is not clear whether patient's psycho-education enhances compliance to antipsychotic treatments and reduces the number of relapses. Here we investigated the impact of a new psycho-educational program (SOLEDUC) on the one- and two-years rate of relapse (primary outcome measure) and a number of clinical assessments (secondary outcome measures). This was a(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge about psychopathologic presentations of mania in current clinical practice has to be refined in order to improve diagnosis and treatment. METHODS One thousand ninety manic patients included in the French National Study EPIMAN-II Mille were submitted to a cluster analysis on the basis of multiple variables related to the history of(More)
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