Ahcéne Boumendjel

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Cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy is often mediated by overexpression of P-glycoprotein, a plasma membrane ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporter which extrudes cytotoxic drugs at the expense of ATP hydrolysis. P-glycoprotein (ABCB1, according to the human gene nomenclature committee) consists of two homologous halves each containing a transmembrane(More)
Multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family. It is able to transport a broad range of anticancer drugs through cellular membranes, thus limiting their antiproliferative action. Since its discovery in 1992, MRP1 has been the most studied among MRP proteins, which now count nine members. Besides the(More)
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. It is able to efflux a broad range of anti-cancer drugs through the cellular membrane, thus limiting their anti-proliferative effects. Due to its relatively recent discovery in 1998, and in contrast to the other ABC transporters P-glycoprotein(More)
Tyrosine kinase receptors (RTKs) play a crucial role in the regulation of the cell division cycle. Currently more than 50 RTKs divided into several subfamilies have been described. The inhibition of these enzymes has emerged as an important research-area. Compounds able to inhibit the activity of these enzymes are expected to display antiproliferative(More)
PURPOSE Tamoxifen (Tam) is the most prescribed hormonal agent for treatment of estrogen receptor α (ERα)-positive breast cancer patients. Using microarray analysis, we observed that metastatic breast tumors resistant to Tam therapy had elevated levels of Dicer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We overexpressed Dicer in ERα-positive MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and(More)
A series of 59 chalcones was prepared and evaluated for the antimitotic effect against K562 leukemia cells. The most active chalcones were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against a panel of 11 human and murine cell cancer lines. We found that three chalcones were of great interest as potential antimitotic drugs. In vivo safety studies(More)
Melanin play a major role in human skin protection and their biosynthesis is vital. Due to their color, they contribute to the skin pigmentation. Tyrosinase is a key enzyme involved in the first stage of melanin biosynthesis, it catalyzes the transformation of tyrosine into l-dopaquinone. The aim of the present study was to study molecules able to inhibit(More)
Tyrosinase is a copper-dependent enzyme which converts l- tyrosine to dopaquinone and is involved in different biological processes such as melanogenesis and skin hyperpigmentation. The purpose of this study was to investigate naturally occurring aurones (Z-benzylidenebenzofuran-3(2H)-one) and analogues as human tyrosinase inhibitors. Several aurones(More)
Over the past decades, in spite of intensive search, no significant increase in the survival of patients with glioblastoma has been obtained. The role of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and especially the activity of efflux pumps belonging to the ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) family may, in part, explain this defect. The in-vitro activities of JAI-51 on cell(More)
The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP, ABCG2) is among the latest discovered ABC proteins to be involved in MDR phenotype and for which only few inhibitors are known. In continuing our program aimed at discovering efficient multidrug resistance modulators, we conceived and synthesized new acridones as ABCG2 inhibitors. The design of target molecules(More)