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BACKGROUND Despite numerous studies on the comorbidity of bipolar and anxiety disorders, there is no satisfactory psychopathological model for their overlap. METHOD 1,090 hospitalized patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for a manic episode of bipolar I disorder were subtyped according to the presence or not of lifetime anxiety comorbidity and assessed for(More)
Acoustic trauma is the major cause of hearing loss in industrialised nations. We show in guinea-pigs that sound exposure (6 kHz, 120 dB sound pressure level for 30 min) leads to sensory cell death and subsequent permanent hearing loss. Ultrastructural analysis reveals that degeneration of the noise-damaged hair cells involved different mechanisms, including(More)
NKT cells are a remarkably versatile population whose functional capacities are determined by cytokines present in their microenvironment. In this study, we provide evidence for a new immunoregulatory effect of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-18 on NKT cells. We found that IL-18, mainly known for its involvement in NK cell activation and in Th 1 immune(More)
NK T lymphocytes are characterized by their ability to promptly generate IL-4 and IFN-gamma upon TCR engagement. Here, we demonstrate that these cells can also be fully activated in the absence of TCR cross-linking in response to the proinflammatory cytokine IL-18 associated with IL-12. NK T cells stimulated with IL-18 plus IL-12 proliferated, killed Fas+(More)
Risk factors that may be associated with suicide attempts in bipolar disorder are still a matter of debate. We compared demographic, illness course, clinical, and temperamental features of suicide attempters vs those of nonattempters in a large sample of bipolar I patients admitted for an index manic episode. One thousand ninety patients (attempters = 382,(More)
RATIONALE Cyamemazine (Tercian) is an antipsychotic drug with anxiolytic properties. Recently, an in vitro study showed that cyamemazine possesses high affinity for serotonin 5-HT(2A) receptors, which was fourfold higher than its affinity for dopamine D(2) receptors (Hameg et al. 2003). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to confirm these previous data in(More)
Riluzole has been reported to protect against the deleterious effect of cerebral ischemia by blocking glutamatergic neurotransmission. Here, we investigated whether acoustic trauma-induced cochlear excitotoxicity could be attenuated by riluzole. Cumulative intracochlear perfusion of riluzole completely abolished single-nerve fiber activity in the guinea pig(More)
INTRODUCTION For the last 30 years, drugs targeting serotonin receptors (5-HTR) have been intensively investigated in schizophrenia. New drugs targeting 5-HTRs are under development in patients with schizophrenia. AREAS COVERED In this review, the authors describe the recent clinical trials for schizophrenia with selective serotonergic agents and provide(More)
It is not clear whether patient's psycho-education enhances compliance to antipsychotic treatments and reduces the number of relapses. Here we investigated the impact of a new psycho-educational program (SOLEDUC) on the one- and two-years rate of relapse (primary outcome measure) and a number of clinical assessments (secondary outcome measures). This was a(More)
Animal studies indicate that the anxiolytic properties of the antipsychotic agent cyamemazine may result from blockade of serotonin 5-HT(2C) receptors and to a lesser extent from blockade of serotonin 5-HT(3) receptors. Here, we used human recombinant receptors to determine the relative affinity of cyamemazine for serotonin and dopamine receptor subtypes.(More)