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The mouse insulin-like growth factor type 2 receptor (Igf2r) is imprinted and expressed exclusively from the maternally inherited chromosome. To investigate whether methylation could function as the imprinting signal, we have cloned 130 kb from the Igf2r locus and searched for sequences methylated in a parental-specific manner. Two regions have been(More)
In most higher organisms, DNA is modified after synthesis by the enzymatic conversion of many cytosine residues to 5-methylcytosine. For several years, control of gene activity by DNA methylation has been recognized as a logically attractive possibility, but experimental support has proved elusive. However, there is now reason to believe, from recent(More)
Methylation patterns of specific genes have been studied by polymerase chain reaction and found to undergo dynamic changes in the germ line and early embryo. Some CpG sites are methylated in sperm DNA and unmodified in mature oocytes, indicating that the parental genomes have differential methylation profiles. These differences, however, are erased by a(More)
The three-way connection between DNA methylation, gene activity and chromatin structure has been known for almost two decades. Nevertheless, the molecular link between methyl groups on the DNA and the positioning of nucleosomes to form an inactive chromatin configuration was missing. This review discusses recent experimental data that may, for the first(More)
The mouse Snrpn gene encodes the Smn protein, which is involved in RNA splicing. The gene maps to a region in the central part of chromosome 7 that is syntenic to the Prader-Willi/Angelman syndromes (PWS-AS) region on human chromosome 15q11-q13. The mouse gene, like its human counterpart, is imprinted and paternally expressed, primarily in brain and heart.(More)
The extent of methylation of the internal C in the sequence CCGG in DNA from various eukaryotic sources has been determined using the restriction enzyme MspI known to be specific for this sequence. The methylation of the CCGG sequence is reflected in the restriction pattern obtained by DNA treated with MspI and its isoschizomer HpaII and analyzed by gel(More)
Several lines of evidence strongly suggest that DNA methylation is involved in embryo development. Perhaps the most direct evidence comes from experiments with methyltransferase deficient mice. Embryos that express low levels of the maintenance methyltransferase do not develop to term and die at the 5 to 20 somite stage corresponding to the level of the(More)