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The ability of bacteria to develop antibiotic resistance and colonize abiotic surfaces by forming biofilms is a major cause of medical implant-associated infections and results in prolonged hospitalization periods and patient mortality. This raises the urgent need to develop compounds that can inhibit bacterial colonization of surfaces. In this study, we(More)
Magnetite nanoparticles conjugated to protein are developed in order to potentially serve as protein carriers into bovine sperm cells. The conjugate comprises iron oxide nanoparticles that are covalently bound to an anti-protein kinase C (PKC)alpha antibody. This conjugate can serve for cellular PKC localization and the inhibition of its function. The(More)
Photoexcited TiO(2) has been found to generate reactive oxygen species, yet the precise mechanism and chemical nature of the generated oxy species especially regarding the different crystal phases remain to be elucidated. Visible light-induced reactions of a suspension of titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) in water were investigated using electron paramagnetic(More)
Nanosized amorphous NiFe 2 O 4 powder was prepared by sonochemical decomposition of solutions of volatile organic precursors, Fe(CO) 5 and Ni(CO) 4 , in decalin at 273 K, under an oxygen pressure of 100-150 kPa. The amorphous nature of these particles was confirmed by various techniques, such as SEM, TEM, electron microdiffraction, and X-ray diffractograms.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article was to review studies that use visible light instead of dangerous ultraviolet (UV) radiation, for inducing antibacterial properties in metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs). BACKGROUND DATA Metal oxide NPs such as ZnO, CuO, and TiO2 are frequently studied for their antibacterial effects, based on their capability to(More)
Interactions between biomolecules and nanoparticles suggest the use of nanoparticles for various medical interventions. The attachment and entry of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) into cells involve interaction between viral envelope glycoproteins and cell surface heparan sulfate (HS). Based on this mechanism, we designed silver nanoparticles that are(More)
The ability of bacteria to colonize catheters is a major cause of infection. In the current study, catheters were surface-modified with MgF(2) nanoparticles (NPs) using a sonochemical synthesis protocol described previously. The one-step synthesis and coating procedure yielded a homogenous MgF(2) NP layer on both the inside and outside of the catheter, as(More)
Silver nanoparticles were synthesized and deposited on different types of fabrics using ultrasound irradiation. The structure of silver-fabric composites was studied by physico-chemical methods. The mechanism of the strong adhesion of silver nanoparticles to the fibers is discussed. The excellent antibacterial activity of the Ag-fabric composite against(More)
This work offers an optimized method for the direct conversion of harvested Nannochloropsis algae into bio-diesel using two novel techniques. The first is a unique bio-technology-based environmental system utilizing flue gas from coal burning power stations for microalgae cultivation. This method reduces considerably the cost of algae production. The second(More)