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Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a hematopoietic cytokine that stimulates the differentiation and function of hematopoietic cells. GM-CSF has been implicated in nervous system function. The goal of the present study was to understand the effects of hypoxia-induced GM-CSF on neural stem cells (NSCs) in a model of spinal cord(More)
BACKGROUND The physician's hands are close to the X-ray field in C-arm fluoroscopy-guided pain interventions. We prospectively investigated the radiation attenuation of Proguard RR-2 gloves. METHODS In 100 cases, the effective doses (EDs) of two dosimeters without a radiation-reducing glove were collected. EDs from the two dosimeters-one dosimeter wrapped(More)
Background. Caudal epidural steroid injections (CESIs) are an effective treatment for pain. If the injection spreads in a specific pattern depending on the needle position or bevel direction, it would be possible to inject the agent into a specific and desired area. Objectives. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to determine if the needle position(More)
We report that intraoperative NIM-2 monitoring devices can interfere with bispectral index monitoring. A 45-year-old male with chronic otits media underwent tympanolasty under general anesthesia with NIM-2 monitoring and bispectral index monitoring at our institution. And then, bispectral index monitoring was severely interrupted by facial nerve monitoring.
BACKGROUND Although a physician may be the nearest to the radiation source during C-arm fluoroscope-guided interventions, the radiographer is also near the fluoroscope. We prospectively investigated the radiation exposure of radiographers relative to their location. METHODS The effective dose (ED) was measured with a digital dosimeter on the(More)
The authors performed 69 puncture biopsies (in 12 cases--under guidance of laparoscopy, in 57--ultrasound investigation) in 63 patients with indeterminate diagnosis of focal hepatic lesion. A positive result was noted in 59 (96.9%) patients. Of them, 43 had a malignant tumour been diagnosed, 16--non-tumour process. In 2 cases, a false negative result was(More)
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