Agustín Hernández

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Mutants of the plant cation/H(+) antiporter AtNHX1 that confer greater halotolerance were generated by random mutagenesis and selected in yeast by phenotypic complementation. The amino acid substitutions that were selected were conservative and occurred in the second half of the membrane-associated N terminus. AtNHX1 complemented the lack of endogenous(More)
Cancer cells show a metabolic shift that makes them overproduce protons; this has the potential to disturb the cellular acid-base homeostasis. However, these cells show cytoplasmic alkalinisation, increased acid extrusion and endosome-dependent drug resistance. Vacuolar type ATPases (V-ATPases), together with other transporters, are responsible to a great(More)
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a staple food for over 600 million people in the tropics and subtropics and is increasingly used as an industrial crop for starch production. Cassava has a high growth rate under optimal conditions but also performs well in drought-prone areas and on marginal soils. To increase the tools for understanding and(More)
Iodothyronine type II 5'-deiodinase (5'D-II) activities were studied in cultures of rat brown adipocytes. In the presence of serum, the adrenergically stimulated 5'D-II activities were very low. In the absence of serum, adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) analogues stimulated 5'D-II activity. Thyroxine (T4) inhibited these increases. Norepinephrine(More)
As an adaptation process to the growth retardation provoked by the presence of nonlethal concentrations of ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors, Ustilago maydis alters the ratio of linoleic to oleic acid bound to plasma membrane complex lipids [Hernández, A., Cooke, D.T., Lewis, M. & Clarkson, D.T. (1997) Microbiology 143, 3165-3174]. This alteration(More)
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene expression was studied in differentiating brown adipocytes. Northern blot analysis showed that GAPDH mRNA levels increased during differentiation of precursor cells into mature adipocytes, mainly in the initial stages of the differentiation process. Insulin, tri-iodothyronine (T(3)) and norepinephrine,(More)
V-ATPases (vacuolar H+-ATPases) are a specific class of multi-subunit pumps that play an essential role in the generation of proton gradients across eukaryotic endomembranes. Another simpler proton pump that co-localizes with the V-ATPase occurs in plants and many protists: the single-subunit H+-PPase [H+-translocating PPase (inorganic pyrophosphatase)].(More)
A normalized cDNA library was constructed using watermelon flesh mRNA from three distinct developmental time-points and was subtracted by hybridization with leaf cDNA. Random cDNA clones of the watermelon flesh subtraction library were sequenced from the 5′ end in order to identify potentially informative genes associated with fruit setting, development,(More)
Plasma membranes have been isolated and purified from two species of fungi, Penicillium cyclopium and Ustilago maydis, using a two-phase aqueous polymer technique. The membranes were characterised using marker enzyme assays (e.g., vanadate-sensitive (Mg(2+)-K+)-ATPase and glucan synthetase II) and lipid composition (sterol enrichment, increased(More)
In vertebrates, selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for vertebrates that is involved in antioxidant protection and thyroid hormone regulation among other roles and functions through its incorporation into proteins, the selenoproteins. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are essential nutrients for fish(More)