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It is well established that the auxiliary Cavβ subunit regulates calcium channel density in the plasma membrane, but the cellular mechanism by which this occurs has remained unclear. We found that the Cavβ subunit increased membrane expression of Cav1.2 channels by preventing the entry of the channels into the endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein(More)
T-type calcium channels are essential contributors to the transmission of nociceptive signals in the primary afferent pain pathway. Here, we show that T-type calcium channels are ubiquitinated by WWP1, a plasma-membrane-associated ubiquitin ligase that binds to the intracellular domain III-IV linker region of the Cav3.2 T-type channel and modifies specific(More)
Epithelial sodium channels (ENaCs) perform diverse physiological roles by mediating Na(+) absorption across epithelial surfaces throughout the body. Excessive Na(+) absorption in kidney and colon elevates blood pressure and in the airways disrupts mucociliary clearance. Potential therapies for disorders of Na(+) absorption require better understanding of(More)
Limited proteolysis, accomplished by endopeptidases, is a ubiquitous phenomenon underlying the regulation and activation of many enzymes, receptors, and other proteins synthesized as inactive precursors. Serine proteases make up one of the largest and most conserved families of endopeptidases involved in diverse cellular activities, including wound healing,(More)
In rat hepatic C9 cells, angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced activation of angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptors (AT(1)-Rs) stimulates extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 phosphorylation via transactivation of the endogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGF-R) by a protein kinase C (PKC) delta/Src/Pyk2-dependent pathway. This leads to(More)
Peripheral nerve injury and tissue inflammation result in upregulation of the deubiquitinase USP5, thus causing a dysregulation of T-type calcium channel activity and increased pain sensitivity. Here, we have explored the role of afferent fiber activity in this process. Conditioning stimulation of optogenetically targeted cutaneous TRPV1 expressing(More)
BACKGROUND Cav3.2 T-type calcium currents in primary afferents are enhanced in various painful pathological conditions, whereas inhibiting Cav3.2 activity or expression offers a strategy for combating the development of pain hypersensitivity. We have shown that Cav3.2 channel surface density is strongly regulated by the ubiquitination machinery and we(More)
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