Agustín Escalante

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In the present series of experiments we compared the effect of injecting serotonin (40 micrograms/cannula), the 5-HT1A agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) (5.0 micrograms/cannula), and the 5-HT1B/C agonist, trifluoromethyl-phenyl-piperazine (TFMPP) (1.0 micrograms/cannula), into the preoptic area, the nucleus accumbens and the(More)
OBJECTIVE The San Antonio Lupus Study of Neuropsychiatric Disease is a longitudinal study designed to characterize the spectrum of and important risk factors for specific neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) syndromes. METHODS Subjects must meet criteria for SLE and must be at least 18 years of age. A standardized medical history,(More)
In order to establish whether the 5-HT1A or the 5HT1B agonists, 8-OH-DPAT or TFMPP, produce their facilitatory or inhibitory actions on masculine sexual behaviour via a mechanism involving: (a) the serotonin synthesis or release; (b) the stimulation of presynaptic receptors, or (c) the stimulation of somatodendritic receptors, three series of experiments(More)
The systemic administration of the 5-HT1B receptor agonists, RU 24969 (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg), TFMPP (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg) and mCPP (0.75 and 1.0 mg/kg) resulted in an inhibition of rat masculine sexual behaviour reflected as a reduction in the proportion of copulating animals. Additionally, the analysis of the sexual behaviour of the animals obtaining(More)
Identifying and quantifying the location of pain may be important for understanding specific functional impairments in elderly populations. The purpose of the present analysis was two-fold: first, to describe the reliability of a scoring method for the McGill Pain Map (MPM), and second, to validate the method of scoring the MPM as a tool for assessing areas(More)
Outcome assessment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) includes measurement of physical function. We derived a scale to quantify global physical function in RA, using three performance-based rheumatology function tests (RFTs). We measured grip strength, walking velocity, and shirt button speed in consecutive RA patients attending scheduled(More)
BACKGROUND Pain is a common impairment that limits the abilities of older persons. The purposes of this article are to: (i) describe the distribution of pain location using the McGill Pain Map (MPM) in a community-based cohort of aged subjects; (ii) investigate whether individual areas of pain could be sensibly grouped into regions of pain; (iii) determine(More)
BACKGROUND Death certificates can be used to assess disease prevalence and incidence; however, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often remains unreported in death certificates. We sought to determine to what extent RA is underreported and what demographic and clinical characteristics could predict mention of RA in the death certificate. METHODS We recruited 1328(More)
We performed a cross-cultural adaptation of the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) from English to Spanish for studying Mexican Americans in South Texas. Each of the 78 single-word pain descriptors in the original MPQ was translated into Spanish by a panel of nine bilingual health researchers, preserving the original structure of the questionnaire. The(More)
BACKGROUND Musculoskeletal disorders affect all racial and ethnic groups, including Hispanics. Because these disorders are not life-threatening, decision-making is generally preference-based. Little is known about whether Hispanics in the U.S. differ from non-Hispanic Whites with respect to key decision making preferences. METHODS We assembled six focus(More)