Agustí Toll

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BACKGROUND Dermoscopy is a useful tool for dermatologists to study melanocytic lesions. Its possible usefulness in the assessment of capillary nailfold morphological changes (capillaroscopy) has recently been advocated. OBJECTIVES To assess the practical utility of digital epiluminescence microscopy as a capillaroscopic instrument in patients with Raynaud(More)
Nevus sebaceous is a common congenital cutaneous malformation. Affected individuals may develop benign and malignant secondary tumors in the nevi during life. Schimmelpenning syndrome is characterized by the association of nevus sebaceous with extracutaneous abnormalities. We report that of 65 sebaceous nevi studied, 62 (95%) had mutations in the HRAS gene(More)
  • Christian Hafner, Elena López-Knowles, +13 authors Francisco X Real
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2007
Activating mutations of the p110 alpha subunit of PI3K (PIK3CA) oncogene have been identified in a broad spectrum of malignant tumors. However, their role in benign or preneoplastic conditions is unknown. Activating FGF receptor 3 (FGFR3) mutations are common in benign skin lesions, either as embryonic mutations in epidermal nevi (EN) or as somatic(More)
Neutral lipid storage disease (Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder associated with congenital ichthyosis and a multisystemic accumulation of neutral lipids (lipid droplets) in various types of cells. The clinical presentation has been reported to correspond to that of nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. We(More)
BACKGROUND Oncogenesis in the oral cavity is believed to result from genetic alterations that cause a stepwise transformation of the mucosa to invasive carcinoma. In oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) multiple cytogenetic abnormalities have been reported, but their practical significance remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of the(More)
Phacomatosis pigmentokeratotica (PPK) is a rare epidermal nevus syndrome characterized by the co-occurrence of a sebaceous nevus and a speckled lentiginous nevus. The coexistence of an epidermal and a melanocytic nevus has been explained by two homozygous recessive mutations, according to the twin spot hypothesis, of which PPK has become a putative paradigm(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic alterations that drive the transition from actinic keratoses (AKs) to cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) have not been defined precisely. Amplification and/or overexpression of the MYC proto-oncogene have been demonstrated in several human, malignant tumours including head and neck SCCs. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the presence of(More)
Mycobacterium ulcerans infection causes a skin disease known as Buruli ulcer (BU), a disorder manifested usually as a solitary and painless nodule or papule that progresses to massive necrotizing destruction and cutaneous ulceration. When healing occurs, it often results in disabling deformities. Buruli ulcer is considered the third most common(More)
Malignant tumors result from the accumulation of genetic alterations in oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Much less is known about the genetic changes in benign tumors. Seborrheic keratoses (SK) are very frequent benign human epidermal tumors without malignant potential. We performed a comprehensive mutational screen of genes in the FGFR3-RAS-MAPK and(More)
TREX2 is a 3'-DNA exonuclease specifically expressed in keratinocytes. Here, we investigated the relevance and mechanisms of TREX2 in ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin carcinogenesis. TREX2 expression was up-regulated by chronic UV exposure whereas it was de-regulated or lost in human squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Moreover, we identified SNPs in the TREX2(More)