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Exon skipping by alternative splicing and circular RNA formation are proposed to be interrelated events. Since multiple patterns of alternative splicing have been demonstrated in both the 5' and 3' regions of the dystrophin gene, the dystrophin transcript in skeletal muscle cells provides a model system in which this idea is tested. Nine circular RNAs that(More)
Editing of dystrophin mRNA by induction of exon skipping, using antisense oligonucleotides, has been proposed as one way to generate dystrophin expression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients. Here, antisense chimeric oligonucleotides consisting of RNA and a new modified nucleic acid are tested for activity to induce skipping of an exon containing(More)
The dystrophin gene, which is mutated in patients with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies, comprises 79 exons and is thus the largest known human gene. A full spectrum of splicing of dystrophin transcript has not been elucidated yet. In this study, 6 novel alternative splicing reactions were discovered in the 5' region by amplifying the cDNA(More)
The splicing pattern of pre-mRNA is unpredictable in genes harboring a single-nucleotide change within the consensus sequence of a splice-donor site. In the dystrophin gene, a transition from G to A at the fifth position of intron-32 (4518+5G > A) has been reported as a polymorphism within the consensus sequence or a mutation identified in Duchenne muscular(More)
Severe mental retardation is a rare complication of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Here we report that two DMD cases showing severe mental retardation exhibit the same exon skipping event induced by different intron mutations. In the two Japanese DMD patients studied, the complete sequence of exon 66 of the dystrophin gene was found to be absent from(More)
Oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFD1) is an X-linked dominant disease characterized by malformations of the face, oral cavity, and digits. Thus far, 18 small mutations in the OFD1 gene have been reported. Here, we describe, in one Japanese sporadic female OFD1 case, the presence of a novel pair of deletion mutations: a 4,094-bp deletion encompassing(More)
Antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides against exon 19 of the dystrophin gene have been shown to induce exon 19 skipping and promote the expression of internally deleted dystrophin by correcting the translational reading frame. Because phosphorothioate oligonucleotides are associated with a variety of toxic nonantisense effects, several(More)
The dystrophin gene, which is mutated in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is thus the largest human gene. A full spectrum of splicing of the dystrophin transcript has not been elucidated yet, though more than 10 alternative splicings have been identified in the 5' region of the dystrophin gene. In this study, two novel dystrophin transcripts containing a(More)
2'-O-Me RNA/ENA chimera oligonucleotides complementary to exon 45 and 46 of the dystrophin gene induced exon 45 and 46 skipping of the dystrophin pre-mRNA, respectively. The induction of exon skipping by the most effective 2'-O-Me RNA/ENA chimeras led to the expression of dystrophin in dystrophin-deficient myocytes by correcting the translational reading(More)
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