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Histone deacetylases (HDAC) play a critical role in chromatin modification and gene expression. Recent evidence indicates that HDACs can also regulate functions of nonhistone proteins by catalyzing the removal of acetylated lysine residues. Here, we show that the HDAC inhibitor LBH589 down-regulates DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) protein expression in the(More)
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA), with or without endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), has been validated as a safe, effective and durable treatment option for dysplastic Barrett’s esophagus. Its durability in eradicating Barrett’s-associated intramucosal carcinoma (IMC), however, is unclear. We set out to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of RFA for(More)
Ipilimumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits the CTLA4 receptor on cytotoxic T lymphocytes, resulting in immune-mediated tumor cell death. Ipilimumab is most often used in the treatment of metastatic melanoma, and rarely liver toxicity necessitating cessation of treatment occurs. The aim of this study was to characterize the histologic features and(More)
We report that DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) expression is dysregulated in breast cancer. The elevated protein levels are not a result of increased mRNA levels, but rather an increase in protein half-life. We found that DNMT1 protein levels were elevated in breast cancer tissues and in MCF-7 breast cancer cells relative to normal human mammary epithelial(More)
IMPORTANCE The histologic changes associated with acute gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have not been studied prospectively in humans. Recent studies in animals have challenged the traditional notion that reflux esophagitis develops when esophageal surface epithelial cells are exposed to lethal chemical injury from refluxed acid. OBJECTIVE To(More)
OBJECTIVE Barrett's metaplasia might develop if GORD causes oesophageal squamous cells to convert into columnar cells. Acid and bile exposures upregulate columnar differentiation genes like CDX2 in oesophageal squamous cells, but it is not known if such exposures downregulate squamous differentiation genes like SOX2. In addition to acid and bile, patients(More)
Most gastric cancers develop via an intestinal metaplasia (IM)-dysplasia-carcinogenic pathway. We have noted that some patients with chronic gastritis have dysplasia-like atypia (DLA) limited to the pit epithelium but without involvement of the surface epithelium. We performed this study to determine the clinical and biological characteristics and outcome(More)
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA), with or without endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), is a safe, effective, and durable treatment option for Barrett esophagus (BE)-associated dysplasia (DYS), but few studies have identified predictors of treatment failure in BE-associated intramucosal adenocarcinoma (IMC). The aim of this study was to determine the rate of IMC(More)
Mismatch repair protein deficiency (MMR-D) and high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) are features of Lynch syndrome-associated colorectal carcinomas and have implications in clinical management. We evaluate the ability of a targeted next-generation sequencing panel to detect MMR-D and MSI-H based on mutational phenotype. Using a criterion of >40 total(More)
Desmoplastic small round cell tumour (DSRCT) belongs to the histological descriptive category of small round blue cell tumours. DSRCT primarily occurs in adolescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 25 years and has a male predominance. DSRCT is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis; timely diagnosis is therefore critical to the management(More)