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An extended logic programming language is presented, that embodies the fundamental form of set designation based on the (nesting) element insertion operator. The kind of sets to be handled is characterized both by adaptation of a suitable Herbrand universe and via axioms. Predicates 2 and = designating set membership and equality are included in the base… (More)
We study the complexity of the Subgraph Bisimulation Problem, which stands to Graph Bisim-ulation as Subgraph Isomorphism stands to Graph Isomorphism and we prove its NP-Completeness. Our analysis is motivated by its applications to Semistructured Databases.
We propose an efficient algorithmic solution to the problem of determining a Bisimulation Relation on a finite structure working both on the explicit and on the implicit (symbolic) representation. As far as the explicit case is concerned, starting from a set-theoretic point of view we propose an algorithm that optimizes the solution to the Relational… (More)
In this paper we propose an efficient algorithmic solution to the problem of determining a Bisimulation Relation on a finite structure. Starting from a set-theoretic point of view we propose an algorithm that optimizes the solution to the Relational coarsest Partition problem given by Paige and Tarjan in 1987 and its use in model-checking packages is… (More)
In this paper we present a novel methodology to compute stable models in Answer Set Programming. The process is performed with a bottom-up approach that does not require the preprocessing of the typical grounding phase. The implementation is completely in Prolog and Constraint Logic Programming over finite domains.
The large volume and nature of data available to the casual users and programs motivate the increasing interest of the database community in studying flexible and efficient techniques for extracting and querying semistructured data. On the other hand, efficient methods have been discovered for solving the so-called model-checking problem for some modal… (More)
Different approaches in the hybridization of constraint programming and local search techniques have been recently proposed in the literature. In this paper we investigate two of them, namely the employment of local search to improve a solution found by constraint programming and the exploitation of a constraint model to perform the exploration of the local… (More)
In this paper we consider the relative expressive power of two very common operators applicable to sets and multisets: the with and the union operators. For such operators we prove that they are not mutually expressible by means of existentially quantiied formulae. In order to prove our results, canonical forms for set-theoretic and multiset-theoretic… (More)
BACKGROUND The protein structure prediction problem is one of the most challenging problems in biological sciences. Many approaches have been proposed using database information and/or simplified protein models. The protein structure prediction problem can be cast in the form of an optimization problem. Notwithstanding its importance, the problem has very… (More)
In this paper we present a study of the problem of handling constraints made by conjunctions of positive and negative literals based on the predicate symbols =, <inline-equation> <f> ∈,<hsp sp="0.265">∪</f> </inline-equation> and <inline-equation> <f> &dvbm0;</f> </inline-equation> (i.e., disjointness of two sets) in a (hybrid) universe of <?Pub… (More)