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An extended logic programming language is presented, that embodies the fundamental form of set designation based on the (nesting) element insertion operator. The kind of sets to be handled is characterized both by adaptation of a suitable Herbrand universe and via axioms. Predicates 2 and = designating set membership and equality are included in the base(More)
Different approaches in the hybridization of constraint programming and local search techniques have been recently proposed in the literature. In this paper we investigate two of them, namely the employment of local search to improve a solution found by constraint programming and the exploitation of a constraint model to perform the exploration of the local(More)
In this paper we consider the relative expressive power of two very common operators applicable to sets and multisets: the with and the union operators. For such operators we prove that they are not mutually expressible by means of existentially quantiied formulae. In order to prove our results, canonical forms for set-theoretic and multiset-theoretic(More)
BACKGROUND The protein structure prediction problem is one of the most challenging problems in biological sciences. Many approaches have been proposed using database information and/or simplified protein models. The protein structure prediction problem can be cast in the form of an optimization problem. Notwithstanding its importance, the problem has very(More)
In this paper we present a study of the problem of handling constraints made by conjunctions of positive and negative literals based on the predicate symbols =, <inline-equation> <f> &#8712;,<hsp sp="0.265">&#8746;</f> </inline-equation> and <inline-equation> <f> &dvbm0;</f> </inline-equation> (i.e., disjointness of two sets) in a (hybrid) universe of <?Pub(More)
This paper presents the design, implementation and application of a Constraint Programming framework on 3D crystal lattices. The framework provides the flexibility to express and resolve constraints dealing with structural relationships of entities placed in a 3D lattice structure in space. The paper describes both sequential and parallel implementations of(More)
The large volume and nature of data available to the casual users and programs motivate the increasing interest of the database community in studying flexible and efficient techniques for extracting and querying semistructured data. On the other hand, efficient methods have been discovered for solving the so-called model-checking problem for some modal(More)