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BACKGROUND In some patients the ketoacidosis at the onset of type 1 diabetes has been observed. AIM The aim of this study was to investigate an effect of the clinical, genetic, immunological and metabolic parameters on the occurrence of ketoacidosis at the clinical onset of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS 106 children with type 1 diabetes, aged(More)
AIMS To determine (i) whether insulin preparations produced by three companies induce the same immune responses in insulin-naïve children with type 1 diabetes (T1DM); (ii) if switching from human insulin to rapid-acting insulin analogs influences this immune response; and (iii) if different insulin brands produce different clinical results during the first(More)
INTRODUCTION Wolfram syndrome (WFS) is the most frequent syndromic form of monogenic diabetes coexisting with optic atrophy and many other disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Wolfram syndrome among children with diabetes in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS These calculations were performed among Polish diabetic children, aged(More)
Wolfram syndrome (WS), also known as DIDMOAD (Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy and Deafness), is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome (1/770,000 in the United Kingdom), characterised by juvenile onset of diabetes mellitus, optic nerve atrophy, diabetes insipidus, sensorineural deafness, renal tract and neurological abnormalities, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite the progress in diagnosis and treatment of type 1 diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is still a serious clinical problem. The aim of the study was too describe the epidemiology and clinical characteristic of DKA in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Medical records of 650 patients with type 1(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent studies on the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) show that autoimmune activity in human pancreatic 1-cells is accompanied by abnormalities of fatty tissue metabolism, which is the underlying process in type 2 diabetes.The aim of the study was to determine the correlation between C-peptide concentration, indicating residual insulin(More)
UNLABELLED Polymorphism of genes encoding glutathione S-transferases GSTM1, GSTT1 GSTP1 is one of the genetic predictors of susceptibility to cancers in the adults. The frequency of deletions of GSTM1. GSTT1 genes and transition A-G in GSTP1 gene were taken into consideration. THE AIM of this study was to investigate the role of GST genes polymorphisms as a(More)
INTRODUCTION The pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes is connected with immune-mediated beta-cell destruction leading to insulin deficiency. The majority of patients will become completely incapable of insulin secretion within a few years, however, some individuals will have persistent beta-cell function years after the diagnosis of diabetes. Despite clinical(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is caused by autoimmune destruction of beta cells of the Langerhans islets. At the early stage of the disease in some patients clinical remission is observed. Until now no unequivocal criteria of complete or partial remission in diabetes have been established. In order to better define this phenomenon, individual, metabolic and(More)