Agnieszka Walczyk

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INTRODUCTION Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC, insular carcinoma) occurs rarely. It is described with more aggressive behaviour, poorer prognosis, and higher mortality than well differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical course of patients with PDTC, in addition to frequency, clinical stage at(More)
CONTEXT An activating mutation in the gene BRAF has been correlated with poorer prognosis and more aggressive clinical course in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We therefore hypothesized that the good prognosis, high 5-year disease-free rate and high survival rate of patients with less aggressive papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (pT1aNo-x) would be(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid cancer (TC) has one of the fastest increasing incidences worldwide and primarily involves papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The BRAF(V600E) mutation is the most common genetic alteration identified in PTC. There are few data concerning an association between the rising incidence of PTC and the increasing prevalence of BRAF-positive cases.(More)
Mutations in the cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) tumor suppressor gene are associated with multi-organ cancer susceptibility including cancers of the breast and prostate. A genetic association between thyroid and breast cancer has been suggested, however little is known about the determinants of this association. To characterize the association of(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) ends in full recovery in 80% of cases. However, in 20% of cases local recurrences or distant metastases are observed, for this reason DTC patients are under life-long follow-up. The most sensitive marker for recurrence is stimulated thyroglobulin (Tg) which, together with neck ultrasound (US),(More)
CONTEXT There has been a marked increase in the detection of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) over the past few years, which has improved the prognosis. However, it is necessary to adjust treatment and monitoring strategies relative to the risk of an unfavourable disease course. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study examined data from 916(More)
INTRODUCTION Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is regarded as the gold standard method for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, but it has its limitations. Additional methods that would improve sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of thyroid cancer (TC), especially in indeterminate lesions. Molecular tests seem to be such a tool. BRAF V600E mutation(More)
OBJECTIVE A dynamic risk stratification with modified initial estimated risk based on response to therapy and disease course is one of the crucial changes adopted recently by the American Thyroid Association (ATA). This approach focuses on an individualized risk-adapted approach to the management of differentiated thyroid cancer. The BRAF V600E mutation is(More)
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is thought to be a common disease in adults. However, it is a rare endocrine disorder in children and adolescents. We report two cases of primary hyperparathyroidism in children diagnosed at the Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes (EU and D) in the Children's Hospital (ChH), Kielce. The clinical course of the disease(More)