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There is no agreement in the literature as to the time of the onset and progress of the vertebral column ossification. The aim of the present study was to determine the precise sequence of ossification of the neural arches and vertebral centra.Histological and radiographic studies were performed on 27 human foetuses aged from 9 to 21 weeks. It was found… (More)
INTRODUCTION Many physiological changes of breast elasticity depend on the age, hormonal status, menstrual cycle and many others. The aim of this study was to evaluate viscoelastic properties of normal breast tissues in a large group of women and to search for factors which play a role in its mechanical properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS 101 women aged… (More)
In embryos at stage 13th vestibulocochlear ganglion forms a complex structure with the geniculate ganglion. The geniculate ganglion is placed rostrally and may be distinguished from the vestibulocochlear ganglion. Also at this stage there is a sign of differentiation of the vestibular and cochlear ganglia.
A CT study was performed on 8 foetuses aged between 20 and 38 weeks. In foetuses at the 20th week the semicircular canals, the spiral canal of the cochlea and the initial (labyrinthine) part of the facial canal are visible. At week 24 the tympanic part of the facial canal is observed. In the 31st week the cochlea is divided into 2 compartments, and in the… (More)
Investigations were made on serial sections of human embryos at developmental stages 16 and 17 (37-41 days). The spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve presents well delimited cellular group in the dorsplateral part of the ventral horn of the spinal cord. The migration zone is still present. In embryos of stage 16 the spinal accessory nerve joints the fibers… (More)
Introduction. There are controversies in literature as to the differentiation of sclerotomes and contribution of sclerotomic parts in the development of vertebrae. Considering the controversies and availabity to human embryos with detailed estimated age we decided to investigate the problem. Aim. The aim of study was to trace the formation of sclerotomes… (More)
In 8 serially sectioned human embryos the spinal accessory nucleus was traced. It was found that the spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve extends as continuation of the medial part of the nucleus ambiguus in the cervical segments of the spinal cord to the 5th segment. The nucleus forms small group of cells lying dorsolaterally in the ventral horns. Fibers… (More)
In embryos at stage 16 (37 days) the intramedullary roots of the spinal accessory nucleus ascend in the marginal layer of the spinal cord within one segment. These fibers form the intramedullary accessory fascicle of the XIth nerve. This fasciculus was observed in further developmental stages of investigated embryos.
Three rare anatomical variations were found during study on hepatic arterial vascularisation in multidetector computed tomography angiography. In the first described variation the common hepatic artery (CHA) arises from the celiac trunk (CTr) and supplies right hepatic lobe. The left lobe of the liver is supplied by aberrant left hepatic artery originating… (More)
The spinal part of the accessory nerve was investigated in serially sectioned human embryos at developmental stages 14 and 15. It has been recognized that the spinal accessory nucleus extends through the upper 4 or 6 cervical segments of the spinal cord. The nucleus is formed by group of cells lying dorsolaterally to the primordium of the ventral horn.… (More)