Agnieszka Sirko

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Plant expression cassettes containing the Escherichia coli cysE gene alleles (encoding SAT) were constructed. After the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of tobacco, we identified stable transformed plants containing several-fold higher SAT activity in comparison to the control plant. Determination of non-protein thiol contents indicated two- to(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the sulfate and thiosulfate transport gene cluster has been determined and located 3' to the gene (cysP) encoding the thiosulfate-binding protein. Four open reading frames, designated cysT, cysW, cysA, and cysM, have been identified. Similarities in primary structure were observed between (i) the deduced amino acid sequences of(More)
The last steps of cysteine biosynthesis are catalysed by a bi-enzyme complex composed of serine acetyltransferase (SAT) and cysteine synthase, also called O-acetyl-serine (thiol) lyase (OASTL). SAT is responsible for the production of O-acetyl-serine (OAS) from serine and acetyl-coenzyme A, while OASTL catalyses the formation of cysteine from OAS and(More)
Both urea and urease were subjects of early scientific investigations. Urea was the first organic molecule to be synthesized and jack bean urease was the first enzyme ever to be crystallized. About 50 years later it was shown to be the first nickel metalloenzyme. Since then, nickel-dependent ureases have been isolated from many bacteria, fungi and higher(More)
Transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. LA Burley 21) lines expressing three genes encoding enzymes thought to be critical for the efficient production of phytochelatins, (i) serine acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.30) involved in the production of O-acetylserine, the cysteine precursor, (ii) gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (EC 6.3.2.2) involved in the(More)
Sulfur is an essential macronutrient for all living organisms. Plants are able to assimilate inorganic sulfur and incorporate it into organic compounds, while animals rely entirely on organic sources of sulfur. In the last decades sulfate availability in soils has become the major limiting factor for plant production in many countries due to significant(More)
Sulphur deficiency severely affects plant growth and their agricultural productivity leading to diverse changes in development and metabolisms. Molecular mechanisms regulating gene expression under low sulphur conditions remain largely unknown. AtSLIM1, a member of the EIN3-like (EIL) family was reported to be a central transcriptional regulator of the(More)
Plant-based platforms have been successfully applied for the last two decades for the efficient production of pharmaceutical proteins. The number of commercialized products biomanufactured in plants is, however, rather discouraging. Cytokines are small glycosylated polypeptides used in the treatment of cancer, immune disorders and various other related(More)
Monitoring expression at the transcriptional level is an essential first step for the functional analysis of plant genes. Genes encoding proteins directly involved in sulphur metabolism constitute only a small fraction of all the genes affected by sulphur deficiency stress. Transcriptional responses to various periods of sulphur deprivation have been(More)
Sulfur, one of the vital macroelements, is present in nature in several redox forms (S(+VI), S(+IV), S(+II), S0). In most organic compounds sulfur is present in the reduced form (S(-II)), while most inorganic sulfur is oxidized, in a form of sulfate (S(+VI)). Animals and humans can incorporate only the organic forms of sulfur, present in sulfur-containing(More)