Agnieszka Polit

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Lactoglobulin is a natural protein present in bovine milk and common component of human diet, known for binding with high affinity wide range of hydrophobic compounds, among them fatty acids 12-20 carbon atoms long. Shorter fatty acids were reported as not binding to β-lactoglobulin. We used X-ray crystallography and fluorescence spectroscopy to show that(More)
The cAMP receptor protein, allosterically activated by cAMP, regulates the expression of more than 100 genes in Escherichia coli. CRP is a homodimer of two-domain subunits. It has been suggested that binding of cAMP to CRP leads to a long-distance signal transduction from the N-terminal cAMP binding domain to the C-terminal domain of the protein responsible(More)
Evidence for hetero-oligomerization has recently been provided for various G protein-coupled receptors. In this paper, we have studied the possibility that dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptors physically interact with each other. Human dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptors were fluorescently tagged with derivatives of green fluorescence protein and transiently(More)
The concept that G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) function as oligomers has been widely accepted, however, different methodologies often used to study the phenomenon of GPCR interactions do not allow, as yet, for any generalization as to whether di- or oligomers are formed constitutively or are ligand-promoted. Here, we report on the use of three(More)
Lactoglobulin is a globular milk protein for which physiological function has not been clarified. Due to its binding properties lactoglobulin might serve as a carrier for bioactive molecules. Binding of 12-, 14-, 16- and 18-carbon saturated fatty acids to bovine β-lactoglobulin has been characterised by isothermal titration calorimetry and X-ray(More)
HtrA2(Omi), belonging to the high-temperature requirement A (HtrA) family of stress proteins, is involved in the maintenance of mitochondrial homeostasis and in the stimulation of apoptosis, as well as in cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. The protein comprises a serine protease domain and a postsynaptic density of 95 kDa, disk large, and zonula(More)
Bacterial HtrAs are serine proteases engaged in extracytoplasmic protein quality control and are required for the virulence of several pathogenic species. The proteolytic activity of HtrA (DegP) from Escherichia coli, a model prokaryotic HtrA, is stimulated by stressful conditions; the regulation of this process is mediated by the LA, LD, L1, L2, and L3(More)
Binding of 18-carbon unsaturated oleic and linoleic acid to lactoglobulin, the milk protein, has been studied for the first time by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and X-ray crystallography. Crystal structures determined to resolution 2.10 Å have revealed presence of single fatty acid molecule bound in β-barrel, the primary binding site, with(More)
In the present study, detailed information is presented on the hetero-dimerization of the serotonin 5-HT(2A) receptor and the dopamine D(2) receptor. Biophysical approaches (fluorescence spectroscopy as well as fluorescence lifetime microscopy) were used to determine the degree of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between cyan and yellow(More)
We investigated the influence of an epitope from the third intracellular loop (ic3) of the dopamine D(2) receptor, which contains adjacent arginine residues (217RRRRKR222), and an acidic epitope from the C-terminus of the dopamine D(1) receptor (404EE405) on the receptors' localization and their interaction. We studied receptor dimer formation using(More)