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Lactoglobulin is a natural protein present in bovine milk and common component of human diet, known for binding with high affinity wide range of hydrophobic compounds, among them fatty acids 12-20 carbon atoms long. Shorter fatty acids were reported as not binding to β-lactoglobulin. We used X-ray crystallography and fluorescence spectroscopy to show that(More)
Lactoglobulin is a globular milk protein for which physiological function has not been clarified. Due to its binding properties lactoglobulin might serve as a carrier for bioactive molecules. Binding of 12-, 14-, 16- and 18-carbon saturated fatty acids to bovine β-lactoglobulin has been characterised by isothermal titration calorimetry and X-ray(More)
Isoforms A (LGB-A) and B (LGB-B) of bovine lactoglobulin, the milk protein, differ in positions 64 (D↔G) and 118 (V↔A). Interactions of LGB-A and LGB-B with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC) and lauric acid (LA), 12-carbon ligands possessing differently charged polar groups, were investigated using isothermal titration(More)
In the present study, detailed information is presented on the hetero-dimerization of the serotonin 5-HT(2A) receptor and the dopamine D(2) receptor. Biophysical approaches (fluorescence spectroscopy as well as fluorescence lifetime microscopy) were used to determine the degree of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between cyan and yellow(More)
In Escherichia coli, cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) is known to regulate the transcription of about 100 genes. The signal to activate CRP is the binding of cyclic AMP. It has been suggested that binding of cAMP to CRP leads to a long-distance signal transduction from the N-terminal cAMP-binding domain to the C-terminal domain of the protein, which is(More)
Goat β-lactoglobulin (GLG), lipocalin protein sharing high sequence similarity to bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG), has been structurally and thermodynamically characterized. Two crystal forms of GLG have been obtained, trigonal (P3121) and orthorhombic (P21212), with unique molecular packing, not observed previously for BLG. In the trigonal structure, GLG(More)
We investigated the influence of an epitope from the third intracellular loop (ic3) of the dopamine D(2) receptor, which contains adjacent arginine residues (217RRRRKR222), and an acidic epitope from the C-terminus of the dopamine D(1) receptor (404EE405) on the receptors' localization and their interaction. We studied receptor dimer formation using(More)
Evidence for hetero-oligomerization has recently been provided for various G protein-coupled receptors. In this paper, we have studied the possibility that dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptors physically interact with each other. Human dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptors were fluorescently tagged with derivatives of green fluorescence protein and transiently(More)
Cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) regulates the expression of several genes in Escherichia coli. The ability of CRP to bind specific DNA sequences and stimulate transcription is achieved as result of binding of an allosteric ligand: cAMP. Stopped-flow fluorimetry was employed to study the kinetics of the conformational changes in CRP induced by cAMP binding(More)
The concept that G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) function as oligomers has been widely accepted, however, different methodologies often used to study the phenomenon of GPCR interactions do not allow, as yet, for any generalization as to whether di- or oligomers are formed constitutively or are ligand-promoted. Here, we report on the use of three(More)