Agnieszka Marta Kierzkowska

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The enormous anthropogenic emission of the greenhouse gas CO2 is most likely the main reason for climate change. Considering the continuing and indeed growing utilisation of fossil fuels for electricity generation and transportation purposes, development and implementation of processes that avoid the associated emissions of CO2 are urgently needed. CO2(More)
We propose a new class of autothermal CO2 -capture process that relies on the integration of chemical looping combustion (CLC) into calcium looping (CaL). In the new process, the heat released during the oxidation of a reduced metallic oxide is utilized to drive the endothermic calcination of CaCO3 (the regeneration step in CaL). Such a process is(More)
The reaction of CaO with CO(2) is a promising approach for separating CO(2) from hot flue gases. The main issue associated with the use of naturally occurring CaCO(3), that is, limestone, is the rapid decay of its CO(2) capture capacity over repeated cycles of carbonation and calcination. Interestingly, dolomite, a naturally occurring equimolar mixture of(More)
Sorbent-enhanced steam methane reforming (SE-SMR) is an emerging technology for the production of high-purity hydrogen from hydrocarbons with in situ CO2 capture. Here, SE-SMR was studied using a mixture containing a Ni-hydrotalcite-derived catalyst and a synthetic, Ca-based, calcium aluminate supported CO2 sorbent. The fresh and cycled materials were(More)
In this work we report the development of a Ca-based, Al(2)O(3)-stabilized sorbent using a sol-gel technique. The CO(2) uptake of the synthetic materials as a function of carbonation and calcination temperature and CO(2) partial pressure was critically assessed. In addition, performing the carbonation and calcination reactions in a gas-fluidized bed allowed(More)
CO2 capture and storage is a promising concept to reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The most established technology for capturing CO2 relies on amine scrubbing that is, however, associated with high costs. Technoeconomic studies show that using CaO as a high-temperature CO2 sorbent can significantly reduce the costs of CO2 capture. A serious disadvantage(More)
Chemical looping combustion (CLC) and chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) are emerging CO2 capture technologies that could reduce appreciably the costs associated with the capture of CO2. In CLC and CLOU, the oxygen required to combust a hydrocarbon is provided by a solid oxygen carrier. Among the transition metal oxides typically considered for(More)
An option for reducing the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is the implementation of CO(2) capture and storage (CCS) technologies. However, the costs associated with capturing CO(2) by using the currently available technology of amine scrubbing are very high. An emerging second-generation CO(2) capture technology is the use of calcium-based(More)
Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is an emerging, new technology for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Copper-based oxygen carriers are of particular interest due to their high oxygen carrying capacity and reactivity, low tendency for carbon deposition, and exothermic reduction reactions. In this work, CuO-based and Al(2)O(3)-stabilized oxygen carriers with(More)
Chemical looping combustion (CLC) has emerged as a carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) process to produce a pure stream of CO(2) at very low costs when compared with alternative CCS technologies, such as scrubbing with amines. From a thermodynamic point of view, copper oxide is arguably the most promising candidate for the oxygen carrier owing to its(More)
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