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Goldfish (Carassius auratus) acclimated to 7 degrees C and exposed to hypoxia ( approximately 10 mmHg) for 7 days exhibited a pronounced remodeling of the gill consisting of the removal of an interlamellar cell mass (ILCM). Subsequent experiments were designed to assess the impact of gill remodeling and the associated increase in functional lamellar surface(More)
The ability of some fishes to reversibly remodel their gill morphology has become a focus of research after the discovery of extreme morphological gill plasticity in crucian carp and goldfish-both members of the cyprinid genus Carassius. Their lamellae are largely embedded in an interlamellar cell mass (ILCM) during normoxic conditions in cold water. The(More)
Gymnosomatous pteropods are highly specialized planktonic predators that feed exclusively on their thecosomatous relatives. Feeding behavior and the morphology of gymnosome feeding structures are diverse and have evolved in concert with the size, shape, and consistency of the thecosome shell. Here, we show that the metabolic capacity and locomotory(More)
A role for acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) to serve as epithelial channels for Na(+) uptake by the gill of freshwater rainbow trout was investigated. We found that the ASIC inhibitors 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and diminazene decreased Na(+) uptake in adult rainbow trout in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 0.12 and 0.96 μM, respectively.(More)
Freshwater fishes lose ions to the external medium owing to the steep concentration gradients between the body fluids and the water. To maintain homeostasis, they use ionocytes to actively extract Na(+), Cl(-), and Ca(2+) from the dilute external medium and excrete acidic (H(+)) or basic (HCO(3)(-)) equivalents by specialized cells termed ionocytes that are(More)
At -1.8 degrees C, the waters of Antarctica pose a formidable physiological barrier for most ectotherms. The few taxa that inhabit this zone have presumably made specific adjustments to their neuromuscular function and have enhanced their metabolic capacity. However, support for this assertion is equivocal and the details of specific compensations are(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are epithelial Na(+) channels gated by external H(+). Recently, it has been demonstrated that ASICs play a role in Na(+) uptake in freshwater rainbow trout. Here, we investigate the potential involvement of ASICs in Na(+) transport in another freshwater fish species, the zebrafish (Danio rerio). Using molecular and(More)
In ectotherms living in cold waters, locomotory performance is constrained by a slower generation of the ATP that is needed to fuel muscle contraction. Both polar and temperate pteropods of the genus Clione, however, are able to swim continuously by flapping their parapodia (wings) at comparable frequencies at their respective habitat temperatures.(More)
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