Agnieszka Gomułkiewicz

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Amatoxin poisoning is caused by mushroom species belonging to the genera Amanita, Galerina and Lepiota with the majority of lethal mushroom exposures attributable to Amanita phalloides. High mortality rate in intoxications with these mushrooms is principally a result of the acute liver failure following significant hepatocyte damage due to hepatocellular(More)
α-Amanitin (α-AMA) is the main toxin of Amanita phalloides and its subspecies (A. virosa and A. verna). The primary mechanism of α-AMA toxicity is associated with protein synthesis blocking in hepatocytes. Additionally, α-AMA exhibits prooxidant properties that may contribute to its severe hepatotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to assess the(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated effect of ezetimibe on selected parameters determining NO level in rat liver subjected to ischemia reperfusion (IR). METHODS Rats received ezetimibe (5 mg/kg) (groups E0 and EIR) or saline solution (groups C0 and CIR) intragastrically for 21 days. Then, the livers of CIR and EIR underwent ischemia (60 min) and reperfusion (4 h).(More)
Nogo-B (Reticulon 4B) is considered to be a novel vascular marker, which may have a protective role in injury-induced neointima formation and atherosclerosis. Nogo A/B is found to be crucial for monocyte/macrophage recruitment in acute inflammation and it is expressed in CD68 + macrophages. We hypothesize that macrophage infiltration in atherosclerosis is(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM One of the current hypotheses assumes that brain tumors exert an immunosuppressive influence on the surrounding cellular environment. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is one of the immunosuppressive cytokines modifying the biological activity of cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the expression of IL10R in CD45+ cells within primary brain(More)
Fatalities due to mushroom poisonings are increasing worldwide, with high mortality rate resulting from ingestion of amanitin-producing species. Intoxications caused by amanitin-containing mushrooms represent an unresolved problem in clinical toxicology since no specific and fully efficient antidote is available. The objective of this study was a(More)
Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of endopeptidases known to process extracellular proteins. In the last decade, studies carried out mainly on the Schaffer collateral-CA1 hippocampal projection have provided solid evidence that MMPs regulate synaptic plasticity and learning. Recently, our group has shown that MMP blockade disrupts LTP(More)
High mortality rate in Amanita phalloides (death cap) intoxications is a result of the acute liver failure following hepatocyte damage due to hepatocellular uptake of amatoxins. α-Amanitin (α-AMA), the major amatoxin, blocks a RNA polymerase II, which results in inhibition of transcription of DNA and protein synthesis processes and leads to hepatocyte(More)
The most often used antidote to treat poisoning caused by amanitin-containing mushrooms is benzylpenicillin (BPCN). However, a very few reports suggest that other antibiotics such as ceftazidime (CEFT) and rifamycin SV (RIFSV) show better antidote activity against amanitins than BPCN. Given this, there is an ongoing debate as which of three antidotes is(More)
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