Agnieszka A Gil

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BLUF (blue light using flavin) domain proteins are an important family of blue light-sensing proteins which control a wide variety of functions in cells. The primary light-activated step in the BLUF domain is not yet established. A number of experimental and theoretical studies points to a role for photoinduced electron transfer (PET) between a highly(More)
Proton transfer is critical in many important biochemical reactions. The unique three-step excited-state proton transfer in avGFP allows observations of protein proton transport in real-time. In this work we exploit femtosecond to microsecond transient IR spectroscopy to record, in D2 O, the complete proton transfer photocycle of avGFP, and two mutants(More)
The rational engineering of photosensor proteins underpins the field of optogenetics, in which light is used for spatiotemporal control of cell signaling. Optogenetic elements function by converting electronic excitation of an embedded chromophore into structural changes on the microseconds to seconds time scale, which then modulate the activity of output(More)
The Blue Light Using Flavin (BLUF) domain proteins are an important family of photoreceptors controlling a range of responses in a wide variety of organisms. The details of the primary photochemical mechanism, by which light absorption in the isoalloxazine ring of the flavin is converted into a structure change to form the signalling state of the protein,(More)
Living systems are fundamentally dependent on the ability of proteins to respond to external stimuli. The mechanism, the underlying structural dynamics, and the time scales for regulation of this response are central questions in biochemistry. Here we probe the structural dynamics of the BLUF domain found in several photoactive flavoproteins, which is(More)
The flavin chromophore in blue-light-using FAD (BLUF) photoreceptors is surrounded by a hydrogen bond network that senses and responds to changes in the electronic structure of the flavin on the ultrafast time scale. The hydrogen bond network includes a strictly conserved Tyr residue, and previously we explored the role of this residue, Y21, in the(More)
The transcriptional antirepressor AppA is a blue light using flavin (BLUF) photoreceptor that releases the transcriptional repressor PpsR upon photoexcitation. Light activation of AppA involves changes in a hydrogen-bonding network that surrounds the flavin chromophore on the nanosecond time scale, while the dark state of AppA is then recovered in a(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important human pathogen that can form biofilms and persist under harsh environmental conditions. Biofilm formation and virulence are modulated by blue light, which is thought to be regulated by a BLUF protein, BlsA. To understand the molecular mechanism of light sensing, we have used steady-state and ultrafast vibrational(More)
The macrocyclic amine, 1,5,9,18,22,26-hexaaza [11.11]-p-cyclophane (1) contains two dipropylenetriamine units which make the molecule highly basic. Owing to this basicity, 1 can be highly protonated in acidic media and can form supramolecular assemblies with different anions. Two new supramolecular structures arise from self-assembly of the salt of 1 with(More)
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