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Latex beads (0.8-micron diameter; Difco Laboratories) were coated with fibronectin, fibrinogen, collagen type I, or denatured collagen (gelatin) and evaluated in a particle agglutination assay (PAA) for the rapid detection of fibronectin, fibrinogen, or collagen binding to Staphylococcus aureus. These assays were compared with a commercial test for(More)
Genetic relationships among 315 isolates of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus expressing toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) recovered primarily from humans with toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in five countries on two continents were determined by analyzing electrophoretically demonstrable allelic variation at 20 chromosomal enzyme loci. Forty-nine(More)
Lactoferrin (Lf) is an iron-binding antimicrobial protein present in milk and on mucosal surfaces, with a suggested role in preimmune host defense. Certain strains of Escherichia coli (bacterial whole cells) demonstrate specific interaction with 125I-labeled Lf. A band with a mass of approximately 37 kDa, which was reactive with horseradish(More)
A total of 136 strains of Bacillus cereus isolated from milk and cream were evaluated for toxin production based on HeLa S3, Vero, and human embryonic lung (HEL) cell cytotoxicity in vitro. HEL cell monolayers were more susceptible than the other two cell lines. The percentage of isolates exhibiting HEL cytotoxicity was similar (43.0 and 48.4%) when the(More)
The effects of carvacrol, a natural biocide, on dual-species biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium were investigated with a constant-depth film fermentor. Biofilm development reached a quasi-steady state in 12 days at 25 degrees C with S. aureus predominance ( approximately 99%). Cryosectional analysis detected(More)
The effect of lactoferrin (Lf) on bacterial growth was tested by measuring conductance changes in the cultivation media by using a Malthus-AT system and was compared with the magnitude of 125I-labeled Lf binding in 15 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli. The binding property was inversely related to the change in bacterial metabolic rate (r = 0.91) and(More)
The interaction of lactoferrin with Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans was examined in a 125I-labeled protein binding assay. The binding of human and bovine lactoferrins reached maximum within 1 h. Lactoferrin binding to the bacterium was pH-dependent and reversible. Scatchard analysis indicated the existence of two different types of binding sites on the(More)
BACKGROUND DNA methylation is a common regulator of gene expression, including acting as a regulator of developmental events and behavioral changes in adults. Using the unique system of genetic caste determination in Pogonomyrmex barbatus, we were able to document changes in DNA methylation during development, and also across both ancient and contemporary(More)
Human lactoferrin (HLf) is an iron-binding protein with antimicrobial activity that is present in high concentrations in milk and various exocrine secretions. HLf is also an acute-phase protein secreted by polymorphonuclear leucocytes, and its binding to a large number of clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus has been described recently from our(More)
The ability of Shigella flexneri to interact with lactoferrin (Lf) was examined with a 125I-labeled protein-binding assay. The percent binding of human lactoferrin (HLf) and bovine lactoferrin (BLf) to 45 S. flexneri strains was 19 +/- 3 and 21 +/- 3 (mean +/- standard error of the mean), respectively. 125I-labeled HLf and BLf binding to strain M90T reached(More)