Agnese Molinari

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The hypothesis that FasL expression by tumor cells may impair the in vivo efficacy of antitumor immune responses, through a mechanism known as 'Fas tumor counterattack,' has been recently questioned, becoming the object of an intense debate based on conflicting results. Here we definitely show that FasL is indeed detectable in the cytoplasm of melanoma(More)
P-glycoprotein is a 170-kd glycosylated transmembrane protein, expressed in a variety of human cells and belonging to the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter family, whose membrane expression is functionally associated with the multidrug resistance phenotype. However, the mechanisms underlying the regulation of P-glycoprotein functions(More)
In situ formation of cytotoxic metabolites by an enzyme-catalyzed reaction is a recent approach in cancer chemotherapy. We demonstrate that multidrug resistant human melanoma cells (M14 ADR) are more sensitive than the corresponding wild type cells (M14 WT) to hydrogen peroxide and aldehydes, the products of bovine serum amine oxidase (BSAO)-catalyzed(More)
Since their discovery in the 1960s, liposomes have been studied in depth, and they continue to constitute a field of intense research. Liposomes are valued for their biological and technological advantages, and are considered to be the most successful drug-carrier system known to date. Notable progress has been made, and several biomedical applications of(More)
Malignant melanoma shows high levels of intrinsic drug resistance associated with a highly invasive phenotype. In this study, we investigated the role of the drug transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in the invasion potential of drug-sensitive (M14 WT, Pgp-negative) and drug-resistant (M14 ADR, Pgp-positive) human melanoma cells. Coimmunoprecipitation(More)
Nature and subcellular localization of 1H-NMR-detectable mobile lipid domains (ML) were investigated by NMR, Nile red fluorescence and electron microscopy, in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts and their H-ras transformants (3T3ras) transfected with a high number of oncogene copies. Substantial ML levels (ratio of (CH2)n/CH3 peak areas R=1. 56+/-0.33) were associated in(More)
Exosomes secreted by normal and cancer cells carry and deliver a variety of molecules. To date, mechanisms referring to tumor exosome trafficking, including release and cell-cell transmission, have not been described. To gain insight into this, exosomes purified from metastatic melanoma cell medium were labeled with a lipid fluorescent probe, R18, and(More)
It has been confirmed that multidrug resistant (MDR) human melanoma cells are more sensitive than their wild-type counterparts to H2O2 and aldehydes, the products of bovine serum amine oxidase (BSAO)-catalyzed oxidation of spermine. The metabolites formed by BSAO and spermine are more toxic than exogenous H2O2 and acrolein, even though their concentration(More)
The search for innovative therapeutic approaches based on the use of new substances is gaining more interest in clinical oncology. In this in vitro study the potential anti-tumoral activity of tea tree oil, distilled from Melaleuca alternifolia, was analyzed against human melanoma M14 WT cells and their drug-resistant counterparts, M14 adriamicin-resistant(More)
In a previous study we suggested that two surface proteins of a Clostridium difficile strain were involved in the formation of a regularly assembled surface layer (S-layer) external to the cell wall. In the present paper six C. difficile strains isolated from cases and healthy carriers were studied. By using freeze-etching and negative staining techniques(More)