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Timed performance in specific motor tasks is an essential component of a neurological examination applied to children with motor dysfunctions. This article provides centile curves describing normal developmental course and interindividual variation of timed performances of non-disabled children from 5 to 18 years. In a cross-sectional study (n=662) the(More)
The aim of this paper is to assist the novice researcher in the research ethics application process. The novice researcher in this context refers to any researcher negotiating a research ethics application for the first time. This may be a student or a more experienced registered nurse engaged in research activity. The paper applies ethical principles to(More)
BACKGROUND This is a methodical investigation into the problem of estimating parameters for the pubertal spurt (PS). The variability involved in determining the timing, intensity and duration of the PS for height, leg height and biiliac width is estimated via a realistic simulation. Further, a decomposition of adolescent growth into a component due to the(More)
Using data from the first Zurich Longitudinal Growth Study characteristics of the growth of six variables--bihumeral width, biiliac width, standing height, sitting height, leg height and arm length--are studied. The main interest is in differences between boys and girls, and across variables and in particular in whether there are sex differences that are(More)
Based on the data of the First Zurich Longitudinal Growth Study we investigate how interindividual differences in adult size arise in the variables leg height, sitting height and standing height, arm length, bi-iliac width and bihumeral width. Specifically, we are also interested in the question of whether across sexes and variables the same growth phases(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To quantify long-term and short-term variability in the standard deviation scores (SDS's) for six skeletal size variables and body mass index (BMI) in children and to compare average values of these quantities for boys with those of girls and to make comparisons across variables. METHODS AND PROCEDURES The analysis is based on(More)
BACKGROUND This is a study on the growth of subgroups of normal children, maturing early or late, in the variables height, leg and sitting height, arm length, biiliac and bihumeral width. While a longer growth period affects adult height only marginally, less is known about the other variables. It is also of interest to see in what way a shorter growth(More)
BACKGROUND The way in which a large size in anthropometric variables is achieved is a longstanding problem, since the pubertal spurt shows statistically and clinically little association with adult size (mostly studied for height). By analysing longitudinal growth of groups of subjects with a large or a small adult size separately for height, leg and(More)
While there is agreement that sex differences in height are small up to the onset of the pubertal spurt in girls, there has been some debate about the question of which, and to what extent, various growth phases contribute to the average adult sex difference of about 13 cm. There has been no consistent agreement between authors as to what extent this(More)
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