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Non-A beta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) is the second component in the amyloid from brain tissue of patients affected with Alzheimer's disease. Its precursor protein (NACP) was shown to be a brain-specific protein. In rat brain, NACP was more abundant in the neocortex, hippocampus, olfactory bulb, striatum, thalamus, and cerebellum and(More)
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) characteristics are induced and maintained by cross-talk between brain microvessel endothelial cells and neighbouring elements of the neurovascular unit. While pericytes are the cells situated closest to brain endothelial cells morphologically and share a common basement membrane, they have not been used in co-culture BBB models(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB), the dynamic interface between the nervous tissue and the blood, is composed by endothelial cells, pericytes and astrocytes. Extracellular nucleotides and nucleosides and their receptors (the purinergic system) constitute a widely diffused signaling system involved in many pathophysiological processes. However, the role of this(More)
In this study, the P2 receptor-mediated modulation of [3H]glutamate and [3H]noradrenaline release were examined in rat spinal cord slices. Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), and 2-methylthioadenosine 5'-diphosphate (2-MeSADP) decreased the electrical stimulation-evoked [3H]glutamate efflux with the following order of potency:(More)
The release of endogenous ATP, measured by the luciferin-luciferase assay, and the release of [3H]acetylcholine from the isolated superior cervical ganglion of the rat loaded with [3H]choline were studied simultaneously. Electrical field stimulation enhanced the release of endogenous ATP and acetylcholine in a [Ca2+]o-dependent manner. The Na+ channel(More)
INTRODUCTION In recent years, there has been an exponential increase in the number of studies aiming to understand the biology of exosomes, as well as other extracellular vesicles. However, classification of membrane vesicles and the appropriate protocols for their isolation are still under intense discussion and investigation. When isolating vesicles, it(More)
The release of ATP and ADP, the putative central neurotransmitters, from the isolated habenula preparation was investigated in the rat, at rest and during electrical stimulation, using the luciferin-luciferase assay and the creatine phosphokinase assay. Electrical field stimulation (2 Hz, 360 pulses) released a considerable amount of ATP (2450 +/- 280(More)
It is believed that both mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress play important roles in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We studied the effect of chronic systemic exposure to the mitochondrial inhibitor rotenone on the uptake, content, and release of striatal neurotransmitters upon neuronal activity and oxidative stress, the latter(More)
The localization of calcium and calcium-activated ATPases was investigated electron microscopically in the medial habenula of mice after whole body irradiation with modulated microwaves. In non-irradiated animals calcium-containing precipitates were seen in different subcellular compartments and were often localized on the luminal side of membranes of(More)
No attempt has been made so far to classify the subtypes of presynaptic inhibitory adenosine receptors located in the myenteric plexus and to localize ecto-ATPase and 5'-nucleotidase in the intestine. The release of [3H]acetylcholine and smooth muscle responses to acetylcholine were measured and the effect of selective adenosine receptor ligands was studied(More)