Agnes Fermin Lee

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The advent of immunotherapies for cancer has resulted in robust clinical responses and confirmed that the immune system can significantly inhibit tumor progression. The recent success of adoptive cell therapy against melanoma suggests that endogenous T-cell responses have the potential to control cancer. However, the lack of responses in some patients(More)
Stage IV metastatic melanoma patients historically have a poor prognosis with 5-10% 5-year survival. Ipilimumab, a monoclonal antibody against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4), is one of the first treatments to provide beneficial durable responses in advanced melanoma. However, less than 25% of those treated benefit, treatment is expensive, and side(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule, N-CAM, makes critical contributions to the development of the nervous system. It mediates the stability of homophilic adhesion in embryonic neurons and participates in morphologic differentiation. The goal of these studies was to determine N-CAM contributions to nerve regeneration and recovery of function in two species(More)
Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is listed as an intralesional (IL) therapeutic option for inoperable stage III in-transit melanoma in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines. Although the mechanism is unknown, others have reported up to 50% regression of injected lesions, and 17% regression of uninjected lesions in(More)
In-transit melanoma metastasis can lead to significant locoregional toxicity, due to painful, bleeding, or necrotic lesions, which may become superinfected. Intralesional immunotherapy is a rational approach to such disease as the lesions are accessible and provide a source of ideally matched tumor antigen to facilitate local, and possibly systemic, immune(More)
Intralesional Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has long been a relatively inexpensive therapy for inoperable cutaneous metastatic melanoma (CMM), although intralesional BCG skin mechanisms remain understudied. We analyzed intralesional BCG-treated CMM lesions combined with in vitro studies to further investigate BCG-altered pathways. Since(More)
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