Agnes A H M ter Huurne

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Tissue samples from the feet of slaughtered cattle exhibiting different stages of digital dermatitis were sectioned and stained with haematoxylin and eosin and silver staining techniques. Three morphological variations of spirochaetes were observed, whereas control samples from feet which were macroscopically negative for digital dermatitis were also(More)
Many recent outbreaks of infectious bursal disease in commercial chicken flocks worldwide are due to the spread of very virulent strains of infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV). The molecular determinants for the enhanced virulence of vvIBDV compared to classical IBDV are unknown. The lack of a reverse genetics system to rescue vvIBDV from its cloned(More)
The culturability of 10 strains of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli was studied after the bacteria were exposed to acid conditions for various periods of time. Campylobacter cells could not survive 2 h under acid conditions (formic acid at pH 4). The 10 Campylobacter strains could not be recovered, even when enrichment media were used. Viable(More)
Research on physical or psychological stress, in order to monitor objective parameters for animal welfare, is usually performed during experimental stress induction. To avoid treatment of animals with physical or physiological stress, addition of the stress-related hormone corticosterone to the drinking water, may serve as a practical alternative to(More)
Serpulina hyodysenteriae hemolysin is though to be an important virulence factor in swine dysentery. One gene, tlyA, previously called tly, encoding a hemolysin in S. hyodysenteriae strain B204 has been characterized (Muir et al. Infect Immun 1992; 60: 529-35). Two other genes of S. hyodysenteria strain B204, designated tlyB and tlyC, encoding hemolytic(More)
The intestinal microflora lives in intimate contact with its surrounding intestinal wall and the bacteria can exert beneficial or deleterious effects on the host, depending on whether they are classified as probiotics or as pathogens. The interaction is determined on one hand by characteristics of the microorganisms, and on the other hand by characteristics(More)
Genomes of 55 Dutch porcine Serpulina (Treponema) hyodysenteriae and non-pathogenic Serpulina isolates were characterized by restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) and DNA hybridization. The Dutch porcine isolates were compared with American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) strains of S. hyodysenteriae and S. innocens and isolates of S. hyodysenteriae with(More)
Genetic resistance to diseases is a multigenic trait governed mainly by the immune system and its interactions with many physiologic and environmental factors. In the adaptive immunity, T cell and B cell responses, the specific recognition of antigens and interactions between antigen presenting cells, T cells and B cells are crucial. It occurs through a(More)
We studied the cellular immune response against malabsorption syndrome (MAS) in two broiler chicken lines, A and B. We determined the number of pan T-lymphocytes (CD3), helper T-lymphocytes (CD4), cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CD8) and macrophages/monocytes in the small intestine in the first 2 weeks after oral inoculation of two MAS homogenates, MAS80 and(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is the major viral pathogen in the poultry industry. Live attenuated serotype 1 vaccine strains are commonly used to protect susceptible chickens during their first 6 weeks of life. Wild-type serotype 1 IBDV strains are highly pathogenic only in chickens, whereas serotype 2 strains are apathogenic in chickens and other(More)