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Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) of intact bacteria yield reproducible spectrum depending upon growth conditions, strain or species. Using whole viable bacteria we describe here the application of MALDI-TOF-MS to the identification of coagulase negative Staphylococci (CNS). Our aim was, once a(More)
The broad-range PCR has been successfully developed to search for fastidious, slow-growing or uncultured bacteria, and is mostly used when an empirical antibiotic treatment has already been initiated. The technique generally involves standard PCR targeting the gene coding for 16S ribosomal RNA, and includes a post-PCR visualisation step on agarose gel which(More)
During 1999, we used partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing for the prospective identification of atypical nonfermenting gram-negative bacilli isolated from patients attending our cystic fibrosis center. Of 1,093 isolates of nonfermenting gram-negative bacilli recovered from 148 patients, 46 (4.2%) gave problematic results with conventional phenotypic tests.(More)
Since the early 1980s, mass spectrometry has emerged as a particularly powerful tool for analysis and characterization of proteins in research. Recently, bacteriologists have focused their attention on the use of mass spectrometry (MS) for bacterial identification, especially Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-Of-Flight (MALDI-TOF). Moreover,(More)
An outbreak of 14 cases of urinary tract infections by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, including six symptomatic infections, occurred from September to November 1994 in a paediatric surgical unit. During the outbreak, urine samples from patients and multiple samples from the environment of patients were tested for the presence of P. aeruginosa. Bacterial isolates(More)
Evolutionary adaptation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to the cystic fibrosis lung is limited by genetic variation, which depends on rates of horizontal gene transfer and mutation supply. Because each may increase following secondary infection or mutator emergence, we sought to ascertain the incidence of secondary infection and genetic variability in populations(More)
2'3'-Dideoxyinosine (didanosine) is a nucleoside analog active in vitro against human immunodeficiency virus. Few data are available regarding its use for the treatment of children. In a single-center, randomized, open-label trial, we compared two dosages of didanosine (120 vs 270 mg/m2 per day) for at least 6 months in 34 children infected with human(More)
BACKGROUND Pleural empyema is an increasingly reported complication of pneumonia in children. Microbiological diagnostic tests for empyema by culture frequently have false-negative results due to previous administration of antibiotics. Molecular diagnosis by broad-range 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and rapid pneumococcal antigen(More)
A study was performed to compare matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), linked to a recently engineered microbial identification database, and two rapid identification (ID) automated systems, BD Phoenix (Becton Dickinson Diagnostic Systems, France) and VITEK-2 (bioMérieux, Marcy L'Etoile, France), for(More)
All organisms usually isolated in our laboratory are now routinely identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) using the Andromas software. The aim of this study was to describe the use of this strategy in a routine clinical microbiology laboratory. The microorganisms identified included(More)