Agnès Saint-Pol

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The molecular mechanisms underlying early/recycling endosomes-to-TGN transport are still not understood. We identified interactions between the TGN-localized putative t-SNAREs syntaxin 6, syntaxin 16, and Vti1a, and two early/recycling endosomal v-SNAREs, VAMP3/cellubrevin, and VAMP4. Using a novel permeabilized cell system, these proteins were functionally(More)
Retrograde transport links early/recycling endosomes to the trans-Golgi network (TGN), thereby connecting the endocytic and the biosynthetic/secretory pathways. To determine how internalized molecules are targeted to the retrograde route, we have interfered with the function of clathrin and that of two proteins that interact with it, AP1 and epsinR. We(More)
Oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe is caused by mutation of OCRL1, a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 5-phosphatase localized at the Golgi apparatus. The cellular role of OCRL1 is unknown, and consequently the mechanism by which loss of OCRL1 function leads to disease is ill defined. Here, we show that OCRL1 is associated with clathrin-coated transport(More)
Large, free polymannose oligosaccharides generated during glycoprotein biosynthesis rapidly appear in the cytosol of HepG2 cells where they undergo processing by a cytosolic endo H-like enzyme and a mannosidase to yield the linear isomer of Man5GlcNAc (Man[alpha 1-2]Man[alpha 1-2]Man[alpha 1-3][Man alpha 1-6]Man[beta 1-4] GlcNAc). Here we have examined the(More)
tGolgin-1 (trans-Golgi p230, golgin-245) is a member of a family of large peripheral membrane proteins that associate with the trans-Golgi network (TGN) via a C-terminal GRIP domain. Some GRIP-domain proteins have been implicated in endosome-to-TGN transport but no function for tGolgin-1 has been described. Here, we show that tGolgin-1 production is(More)
We have previously reported the substrate specificity of the cytosolic alpha-D-mannosidase purified from rat liver using Man9GlcNAc, i.e. Man alpha 1-2Man alpha 1-3(Man alpha 1-2Man alpha 1-6)Man alpha 1-6(Man alpha 1-2Man alpha 1-2Man alpha 1-3) Man beta 1-4G1cNAc, as substrate [Grard, Saint-Pol, Haeuw, Alonso, Wieruszeski, Strecker and Michalski (1994)(More)
In hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells, free polymannose-type oligosaccharides appearing in the cytosol during the biosynthesis and quality control of glycoproteins are rapidly translocated into lysosomes by an as yet poorly defined process (Saint-Pol, A., Bauvy, C., Codogno, P., and Moore, S. E. H. (1997) J. Cell Biol. 136, 45-59). Here, we demonstrate an(More)
HIV-1 Nef protein down-regulates several important immunoreceptors through interactions with components of the intracellular sorting machinery. Nef expression is also known to induce modifications of the endocytic pathway. Here, we analyzed the effects of Nef on retrograde transport, from the plasma membrane to the endoplasmic reticulum using Shiga toxin(More)
We have previously reported the substrate specificity of the rat liver cytosolic alpha-D-mannosidase [Haeuw, J. F., Strecker, G., Wieruszeski, J. M., Montreuil, J. & Michalski, J.-C. (1991) Eur. J. Biochem. 202, 1257-1268]. Here, we report the characterization and the purification of this alpha-D-mannosidase and the presence of two soluble forms of(More)
The recently described retrograde transport route is a highly selective pathway that allows some internalized molecules to reach the trans-Golgi network from early/recycling endosomes, bypassing the recycling route to the plasma membrane and the late endocytic pathway. The non-toxic receptor-binding B-subunit of bacterial Shiga toxin has played an important(More)
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