Learn More
The progress of replicative DNA polymerases along the replication fork may be impeded by the presence of lesions in the genome. One way to circumvent such hurdles involves the recruitment of specialized DNA polymerases that perform limited incorporation of nucleotides in the vicinity of the damaged site. This process entails DNA polymerase switch between(More)
Individuals with Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) syndrome have a genetic predisposition to sunlight-induced skin cancer. Genetically different forms of XP have been identified by cell fusion. Cells of individuals expressing the classical form of XP (complementation groups A through G) are deficient in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. In contrast,(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum variant (XP-V) cells are deficient in their ability to synthesize intact daughter DNA strands after UV irradiation. This deficiency results from mutations in the gene encoding DNA polymerase eta, which is required for effecting translesion synthesis (TLS) past UV photoproducts. We have developed a simple cellular procedure to identify(More)
In Escherichia coli, RecF-dependent post-replication repair (PRR) permits cells to tolerate the potentially lethal effects of blocking lesions at the replication fork. We have developed an in vivo experimental system to study the PRR mechanisms that allow blocked replication forks to be rescued by homologous sequences. We show that approximately 80% of the(More)
The prototypic Y family DNA polymerase IV (PolIV) of Escherichia coli is involved in multiple replication-associated processes including spontaneous mutagenesis, translesion synthesis (TLS), cell fitness, survival under stressful conditions and checkpoint like functions. It interacts physically and functionally with the replisome's beta processivity clamp(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum variant (XPV) cells are characterized by a cellular defect in the ability to synthesize intact daughter DNA strands on damaged templates. Molecular mechanisms that facilitate replication fork progression on damaged DNA in normal cells are not well defined. In this study, we used single-stranded plasmid molecules containing a single(More)
Bypass of replication blocks by specialized DNA polymerases is crucial for cell survival but may promote mutagenesis and genome instability. To gain insight into mutagenic sub-pathways that coexist in mammalian cells, we examined N-2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF)-induced frameshift mutagenesis by means of SV40-based shuttle vectors containing a single adduct.(More)
Replicative DNA polymerases duplicate genomes in a very efficient and accurate mode. However their progression can be blocked by DNA lesions since they are unable to accommodate bulky damaged bases in their active site. In response to replication blockage, monoubiquitination of PCNA promotes the switch between replicative and specialized polymerases(More)
During bacterial replication, DNA polymerases may encounter DNA lesions that block processive DNA synthesis. Uncoupling the replicative helicase from the stalled DNA polymerase results in the formation of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) gaps, which are repaired by postreplication repair (PRR), a process that involves at least three mechanisms that collectively(More)
We analyzed the ability of various cell extracts to extend a radiolabeled primer past an N-2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF) adduct located on a primed single-stranded template. When the 3' end of the primer is located opposite the lesion, partially fractionated human primary fibroblast extracts efficiently catalyzed primer-terminus extension by adding a ladder(More)