Agnès Lehuen

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The development of type 1 diabetes involves a complex interaction between pancreatic beta-cells and cells of both the innate and adaptive immune systems. Analyses of the interactions between natural killer (NK) cells, NKT cells, different dendritic cell populations and T cells have highlighted how these different cell populations can influence the onset of(More)
Type 1 diabetes develops over many years and is characterized ultimately by the destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells by autoreactive T cells. Nonetheless, the role of innate cells in the initiation of this disease remains poorly understood. Here, we show that in young female nonobese diabetic mice, physiological beta cell death induces the(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice may be favored by immune dysregulation leading to the hyporesponsiveness of regulatory T cells and activation of effector T-helper type 1 (Th1) cells. The immunoregulatory activity of natural killer T (NKT) cells is well documented, and both interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 secreted by NKT cells have(More)
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is associated with increased serum IgA1 and IgA1-immune complexes (IC). As Fc alpha receptors (Fc alpha R) are candidate molecules to regulate IgA levels, increased receptor occupation by IgA1 prompted us to study the expression of Fc alpha R on blood cells of IgAN patients. Surface and cytoplasmic Fc alpha R expression were markedly(More)
The pathogenesis of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN), the most prevalent form of glomerulonephritis worldwide, involves circulating macromolecular IgA1 complexes. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of the disease remain poorly understood. We report here the presence of circulating soluble FcalphaR (CD89)-IgA complexes in patients with IgAN.(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are associated with low-grade inflammation, activation of immune cells, and alterations of the gut microbiota. Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, which are innate-like T cells that recognize bacterial ligands, are present in blood and enriched in mucosal and inflamed tissues. Here, we analyzed MAIT cells in the(More)
IgA is the most abundant immunoglobulin in mucosal areas but is only the second most common antibody isotype in serum because it is catabolized faster than IgG. IgA exists in monomeric and polymeric forms that function through receptors expressed on effector cells. Here, we show that IgA Fc receptor(s) (FcalphaR) are expressed with or without the gamma(More)
IgA Fc receptors (Fc alphaR) can mediate a variety of inflammatory responses. It has been demonstrated that the FcRgamma subunit is critical in mediating signaling through Fc alphaR. We show that aggregation of Fc alphaR on U937 cells and blood neutrophils results in tyrosine phosphorylation of several intracellular proteins, including the FcR gamma(More)
Progression to destructive insulitis in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice is linked to the failure of regulatory cells, possibly involving T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. Natural killer (NK) T cells might be involved in diabetes, given their deficiency in NOD mice and the prevention of diabetes by adoptive transfer of alpha/beta double-negative thymocytes. Here, we(More)