Agnès-Laurence Chenine

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OBJECTIVE A live attenuated SIV vaccine strain, termed SIVmac239Delta3 and containing large deletions in, and the negative regulatory element, was previously shown to cause AIDS mostly in monkeys vaccinated as infants. In the present study, we demonstrate that SIVmac239Delta3 is pathogenic in most vaccinated adult monkeys, given enough time. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals living in sub-Saharan Africa represent 10% of the world's population but almost 2/3 of all HIV-1/AIDS cases. The disproportionate HIV-1 infection rates in this region may be linked to helminthic parasite infections that affect many individuals in the developing world. However, the hypothesis that parasite infection increases an(More)
In HIV infection, CD4 responses to opportunistic pathogens such as Candida albicans are lost early, but CMV-specific CD4 response persists. Little is currently known about HIV infection of CD4 T cells of different pathogen/antigen specificities. CFSE-labeled PBMCs were stimulated with CMV, tetanus toxoid (TT), and C albicans antigens and subsequently(More)
Although human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) clade C continues to dominate the pandemic, only two infectious clade C proviral DNA clones have been described (N. Mochizuki, N. Otsuka, K. Matsuo, T. Shiino, A. Kojima, T. Kurata, K. Sakai, N. Yamamoto, S. Isomura, T. N. Dhole, Y. Takebe, M. Matsuda, and M. Tatsumi, AIDS Res. Hum. Retrovir.(More)
Cytokines and beta-chemokines are important mediators of the immune system and are expressed in many infectious diseases. To study cytokine and beta-chemokine profiles during pathogenesis of lentiviral infection and progression to AIDS in rhesus macaques, we established new quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus clade C (HIV-C) accounts for >56% of all HIV infections worldwide. To investigate vaccine safety and efficacy in nonhuman primates, a pathogenic, R5-tropic, neutralization-sensitive simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) carrying HIV-C env would be desirable. We have constructed SHIV-2873Ni, an R5-tropic SHIV carrying a(More)
UNLABELLED CD4+ T cells play a pivotal role in the control of chronic viral infections. Recently, nontraditional CD4+ T cell functions beyond helper effects have been described, and a role for cytolytic CD4+ T cells in the control of HIV infection has been suggested. We define here the transcriptional, phenotypic, and functional profiles of HIV-specific(More)
 CD4 and members of the chemokine receptor family are required for infection of host cells, in vitro and in vivo, by the human immunodeficiency virus type-1. Although it is established that HIV-1 gp120 interacts with CD4 and the coreceptors CCR5 or CXCR4 at the plasma membrane during HIV entry, longer-term interactions taking place between these molecules(More)
Nef, a multifunctional accessory protein of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), is important for disease progression. Nef downmodulates CD4 and MHC class I expression, alters host-cell signal transduction pathways, and enhances viral replication. We have identified a novel interaction between Nef and cAMP-dependent(More)
Myeloid, CD1a-sorted dendritic cells (MDC) productively replicated human immunodeficiency virus strains encoding envelope genes of either primary X4R5 or R5 strains for up to 45 days. Cell-free supernatant collected from long-term infected MDC, which had been exposed to an X4R5 virus 45 days earlier, was still infectious when placed over activated T cells.(More)