Agnès Hoffenbach

Learn More
A randomized, double-blind trial comparing a diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) (pertussis toxoid and filamentous hemagglutinin) with a whole-cell vaccine (DTwP) was conducted. A case-contact study was nested in the trial to estimate absolute efficacy. From 1990 through 1994, 4181 children were randomized to receive one of the vaccines at(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years additional parenteral vaccines have been recommended for routine immunization of infants in the US and elsewhere. The ability to administer multiple vaccines as a single injection without unacceptably increasing reactogenicity or decreasing immunogenicity of any component would offer many practical advantages. METHODS A(More)
Combination vaccines improve parental and provider satisfaction and schedule compliance by decreasing the number of injections. In a Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study, we compared four formulations of a liquid, hexavalent diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae b conjugate-hepatitis B virus(More)
Combined pediatric vaccines have the advantages of conferring protection against multiple common infectious diseases with a reduced number of injections. Their use should lead to better compliance to recommended vaccination schedules. Diphtheria (D), tetanus (T) and whole-cell pertussis vaccine (P) have been successfully combined, with or without(More)
Hepatitis B core antibodies (anti-HBc) appear very early during the course of the hepatitis B virus infection and often persist years after viral clearance. In order to characterize the immunodominant domain of the HBcAg, the human immune response against the HBV nucleocapsid (HBcAg) was analyzed by using 14 synthetic peptides. Anti-HBc antibodies were(More)
METHODS In an open randomized study we compared the safety and immunogenicity of two schedules for priming and booster vaccinations of infants. A pentavalent combination vaccine, including a lyophilized Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine reconstituted with a liquid diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (pertussis toxoid and(More)
The current recommended infant vaccination schedules require many injections at multiple sites, which increase stress for infants and parents and may create challenges to vaccination compliance. Therefore, combination vaccines, which reduce the number of injections at each medical visit, can be an essential method to improve compliance. The objective of(More)
Challenges facing seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination include: increasing the immunogenicity of seasonal vaccines for the most vulnerable, increasing vaccination coverage against seasonal influenza, and developing vaccines against pandemic strains that are immunogenic with very low quantities of antigen to maximize the number of people who can be(More)
Pandemic influenza vaccines have been manufactured using the A/California/07/2009 (H1N1) strain as recommended by the World Health Organization. We evaluated in mice the immunogenicity of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccine and the impact of prior vaccination against seasonal trivalent influenza vaccines (TIV) on antibody responses against pandemic (H1N1) 2009. In(More)
Vaccines were urgently needed in 2009 against A/H1N1 pandemic influenza. Based on the H5N1 experience, it was originally thought that 2 doses of an adjuvanted vaccine were needed for adequate immunogenicity. We tested H1N1 vaccines with or without AF03, a squalene-based adjuvant, in children.   Two randomized, open-label, trials were conducted.(More)