Agnès Fichard

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The fibrillar collagens are the most abundant proteins of extracellular matrices. Among them, collagens V and XI are quantitatively minor components which participate in the formation of the fibrillar collagen network. Since these collagens were discovered, studies have demonstrated that they may play a fundamental role in the control of fibrillogenesis,(More)
In 7-day chick embryo dorsal root ganglia and epidermis cocultures, nerve fibers avoid the epidermis. Previous studies have indicated that glycoproteic factors, secreted by epidermis, could be involved in this phenomenon. Treatment of epidermis by beta-D-xyloside, a specific proteoglycan synthesis inhibitor, abolishes the avoidance reaction. The same result(More)
In 7-day chick embryo dorsal root ganglia and epidermis or dermis co-cultures, nerve fibres establish contacts with dermis while avoiding epidermis. Previous results have indicated that factor(s) secreted by epidermis could be involved in this avoidance reaction. The present study demonstrates that the avoidance reaction is abolished when epidermal cells(More)
The neuritic growth patterns obtained on substrates made of several glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) bound to type I collagen were analysed and compared in primary cultures of chick embryo dorsal root ganglion grown in serum-free supplemented medium. In 2-day cultures grown on type I collagen or heparan sulphate (HS)-collagen surfaces, ganglionic explants exhibit(More)
Human embryonic kidney cells (293-EBNA) have been transfected with the full-length human alpha1 chain of collagen V using an episomal vector. High yields (15 microgram/ml) of recombinant collagen were secreted in the culture medium. In presence of ascorbate, the alpha1(V) collagen is correctly folded into a stable triple helix as shown by electron(More)
The processing of the fibrillar procollagen precursors to mature collagens is an essential requirement for fibril formation. The enzymes involved in these events are known as the procollagen N and C proteinases. The latter, which cleaves the C-propeptides of the fibrillar procollagens I-III, is identical to the previously described bone morphogenetic(More)
We have previously shown that a recombinant 12-kDa fragment of the collagen alpha1(V) chain (Ile(824)-Pro(950)), referred to as HepV, binds to heparin and heparan sulfate (Delacoux, F., Fichard, A., Geourjon, C., Garrone, R., and Ruggiero, F. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 15069-15076). No consensus sequence was found in the alpha1(V) primary sequence, but a(More)
Although the collagen V heterotrimer is known to be involved in the control of fibril assembly, the role of the homotrimer in fibrillar organization has not yet been examined. Here, the production of substantial amounts of recombinant collagen V homotrimer has allowed a detailed study of its role in homotypic and heterotypic fibril formation. After removal(More)
Collagen V is a minor component of the heterotypic I/III/V collagen fibrils and the defective product in most cases of classical Ehlers Danlos syndrome (EDS). The present study was undertaken to elucidate the impact of collagen V mutations on skin development, the most severely affected EDS tissues, using mice harboring a targeted deletion of the alpha2(V)(More)
A heparin binding region is known to be present within the triple helical part of the alpha1(V) chain. Here we show that a recombinant alpha1(V) fragment (Ile824 to Pro950), referred to as HepV, is sufficient for heparin binding at physiological ionic strength. Both native individual alpha1(V) chains and HepV are eluted at identical NaCl concentrations(More)