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Individual cells were isolated from the sino-atrial node area of the rabbit heart using an enzyme medium containing collagenase and elastase. After enzymatic treatment the cells were placed in normal Tyrode solution, where beating resumed in a fraction of them. Isolated cells were studied in the whole cell configuration. Action potentials as well as(More)
To investigate the relationship between epilepsy and hemispheric asymmetries for language, a dual-task procedure was used to assess language lateralization in children with benign rolandic childhood epilepsy. In the sample selection, care was taken to include factors believed to influence both the mental capabilities of epileptic patients and the individual(More)
Sympathetic neurons dissociated from the superior cervical ganglion of 2-day-old rats were studied by whole-cell patch clamp and by fura-2 measurements of the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i. Step depolarizations in the presence of tetrodotoxin and hexamethonium triggered two Ca2+ currents that differed in the voltage dependence of activation and(More)
The Ba-induced blockade of iK1 in calf Purkinje fibres was studied in the low concentration range (3-1,000 microM). The results showed that the blockade induced by hyperpolarizations was time-dependent, and that the rate of blockade increased with the Ba concentration and the negative pulse amplitude. At Ba concentrations higher than 1 mM the time course of(More)
Ras-GRF, a neuron-specific Ras exchange factor of the central nervous system, was transfected in the SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cell line and stable clones were obtained. When exposed to retinoic acid, these clones showed a remarkable enhancement of Ras-GRF expression with a concomitant high increase in the level of active (GTP-bound) Ras already after 24 h of(More)
The fast transient inward current elicited by depolarizations above about -60 mV in calf Purkinje fibres was found to be depressed by Cd in concentrations less than 1 mM. The Cd-sensitive current, which strongly depended on external Na, was recorded in the presence of 2 mM MnCl2 and was blocked by TTX, indicating that a contamination from slow Ca-dependent(More)
We report on six cases of Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) meningitis occurring between 2001 and 2011 by a French nationwide active surveillance network of paediatric bacterial meningitis (ACTIV/GPIP). The cases accounted for 0.15 % of the paediatric meningitis cases reported between 2001 and 2011 in France, all in infants <4 months old. A review of the(More)
We studied, in rat sensory neurons, the modulation of high voltage-activated Ca2+ currents (ICa) mediated by the pertussis toxin-sensitive activation of muscarinic receptors, which were found to be of subtypes M2 or M4. Muscarine reversibly blocked somatic Ca2+ spikes but strong predepolarizations only partially relieved the inhibited Ca2+ current. On the(More)
In 1945, Lennox was the first to describe the epileptic states mainly expressed by various degrees of consciousness disturbance, which have their onset in children who present epileptic absences correlated with ictal EEG patterns of spike-wave complex discharges at about 3 Hz. As the clinical picture seemed to be similar to an uninterrupted series of(More)
Inward rectification, an important determinant of cell excitability, can result from channel blockade by intracellular cations, including Ca2+. However, mostly on the basis of indirect arguments, Ca2+-mediated rectification of inward rectifier K+ current (IK1) is claimed to play no role in the mammalian heart. The present study investigates Ca2+-mediated(More)