Agnès Claire Leger

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Consonant-identification ability was examined in normal-hearing (NH) and hearing-impaired (HI) listeners in the presence of steady-state and 10-Hz square-wave interrupted speech-shaped noise. The Hilbert transform was used to process speech stimuli (16 consonants in a-C-a syllables) to present envelope cues, temporal fine-structure (TFS) cues, or envelope(More)
Recent studies suggest that normal-hearing listeners maintain robust speech intelligibility despite severe degradations of amplitude-modulation (AM) cues, by using temporal-envelope information recovered from broadband frequency-modulation (FM) speech cues at the output of cochlear filters. This study aimed to assess whether cochlear damage affects this(More)
The ability to understand speech in quiet and in a steady noise was measured for 26 listeners with audiometric thresholds below 30 dB HL for frequencies up to 3 kHz and covering a wide range (0-80 dB HL) between 3 and 8 kHz. The stimulus components were restricted to the low (≤1.5 kHz) and middle (1-3 kHz) frequency regions, where audiometric thresholds(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess whether the capacity of cochlear implant (CI) users to identify speech is determined by their capacity to perceive slow (< 20 Hz) temporal modulations. DESIGN This was achieved by studying the correlation between (1) phoneme identification in quiet and in a steady-state or fluctuating (8 Hz) noises, and (2)(More)
Narrowband speech can be separated into fast temporal cues [temporal fine structure (TFS)], and slow amplitude modulations (envelope). Speech processed to contain only TFS leads to envelope recovery through cochlear filtering, which has been suggested to account for TFS-speech intelligibility for normal-hearing listeners. Hearing-impaired listeners have(More)
Léger et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131, 1502-1514 (2012)] reported deficits in the identification of consonants in noise by hearing-impaired listeners using stimuli filtered into low- or mid-frequency regions in which audiometric thresholds were normal or near-normal. The deficits could not be fully explained in terms of reduced audibility or(More)
Noise-induced cochlear synaptopathy has been demonstrated in numerous rodent studies. In these animal models, the disorder is characterized by a reduction in amplitude of wave I of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) to high-level stimuli, whereas the response at threshold is unaffected. The aim of the present study was to determine if this disorder is(More)
Acoustic speech is marked by time-varying changes in the amplitude envelope that may pose difficulties for hearing-impaired listeners. Removal of these variations (e.g., by the Hilbert transform) could improve speech reception for such listeners, particularly in fluctuating interference. Léger, Reed, Desloge, Swaminathan, and Braida [(2015b). J. Acoust.(More)
The ability to identify syllables in the presence of speech-shaped noise and a single-talker background was measured for 18 normal-hearing (NH) listeners, and for eight hearing-impaired (HI) listeners with near-normal audiometric thresholds for frequencies up to 1.5 kHz and a moderate to severe hearing loss above 2 kHz. The stimulus components were(More)
The auditory system processes temporal information at multiple scales, and disruptions to this temporal processing may lead to deficits in auditory tasks such as detecting and discriminating sounds in a noisy environment. Here, a modelling approach is used to study the temporal regularity of firing by chopper cells in the ventral cochlear nucleus, in both(More)