Aglaia Pappa

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Reduced glutathione (L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine, GSH) is the prevalent low-molecular-weight thiol in mammalian cells. It is formed in a two-step enzymatic process including, first, the formation of gamma-glutamylcysteine from glutamate and cysteine, by the activity of the gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase; and second, the formation of GSH by the(More)
Aldehydes are highly reactive molecules that are intermediates or products involved in a broad spectrum of physiologic, biologic and pharmacologic processes. Aldehydes are generated from chemically diverse endogenous and exogenous precursors and aldehyde-mediated effects vary from homeostatic and therapeutic to cytotoxic, and genotoxic. One of the most(More)
ALDH3A1 (aldehyde dehydrogenase 3A1) is expressed at high concentrations in the mammalian cornea and it is believed that it protects this vital tissue and the rest of the eye against UV-light-induced damage. The precise biological function(s) and cellular distribution of ALDH3A1 in the corneal tissue remain to be elucidated. Among the hypotheses proposed(More)
The human genome contains at least 17 genes that are members of the aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) superfamily. These genes encode NAD(P)(+)-dependent enzymes that oxidize a wide range of aldehydes to their corresponding carboxylic acids. Aldehydes are highly reactive molecules that are intermediates or products involved in a broad spectrum of physiologic,(More)
Mammalian ALDH7A1 is homologous to plant ALDH7B1, an enzyme that protects against various forms of stress, such as salinity, dehydration, and osmotic stress. It is known that mutations in the human ALDH7A1 gene cause pyridoxine-dependent and folic acid-responsive seizures. Herein, we show for the first time that human ALDH7A1 protects against hyperosmotic(More)
The heterodimeric transcription factor HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor 1) represents the key mediator of hypoxia response. HIF-1 controls numerous genes of pivotal importance for cellular metabolism, angiogenesis, cell cycle regulation and inhibition of apoptosis. HIF-1 overexpression and enhanced transcriptional activity are linked to tumour initiation and(More)
Cancer is a multistage and complex process characterized by molecular alterations that underlie all three phases of its development: (i) initiation, (ii) promotion and (iii) progression. Some of these molecular events include alterations in gene expression that are regulated by both genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. On the other hand, "oxidative stress"(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) superfamily represents a group of NAD(P)(+)-dependent enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of a wide spectrum of endogenous and exogenous aldehydes. With the advent of megabase genome sequencing, the ALDH superfamily is expanding rapidly on many fronts. As expected, ALDH genes are found in virtually all genomes analyzed to date,(More)
SIGNIFICANCE The molecular machinery regulating autophagy has started becoming elucidated, and a number of studies have undertaken the task to determine the role of autophagy in cell fate determination within the context of human disease progression. Oxidative stress and redox signaling are also largely involved in the etiology of human diseases, where both(More)
Although we have greatly benefited from the use of traditional epidemiological approaches in linking environmental exposure to human disease, we are still lacking knowledge in to how such exposure participates in disease development. However, molecular epidemiological studies have provided us with evidence linking oxidative stress with the pathogenesis of(More)