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Plant genes for pathogen resistance can be used to engineer disease resistant crops. Oligonucleotides were designed from sequence motifs conserved between resistance genes of tobacco and Arabidopsis thaliana and used as PCR primers in potato DNA. Amplification products were obtained that were homologous to known resistance genes and linked without(More)
Late blight caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans is the most destructive disease in potato cultivation worldwide. New, more virulent P. infestans strains have evolved which overcome the genetic resistance that has been introgressed by conventional breeding from wild potato species into commercial varieties. R genes (for single-gene resistance) and(More)
In the potato, Kunitz-type enzyme inhibitors are abundant and highly polymorphic small proteins found in tubers. DNA sequence analysis of 1596 unselected ESTs (expressed sequence tags) from mature tubers of the cultivars Provita and Saturna resulted in the identification of 55 different DNA sequences with high sequence similarity to Kunitz-type enzyme(More)
The endoparasitic root cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis causes considerable damage in potato cultivation. In the past, major genes for nematode resistance have been introgressed from related potato species into cultivars. Elucidating the molecular basis of resistance will contribute to the understanding of nematode-plant interactions and assist in(More)
A panel of 17 tetraploid and 11 diploid potato genotypes was screened by comparative sequence analysis of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertion-deletion polymorphisms (InDels), in regions of the potato genome where genes for qualitative and/or quantitative resistance to different pathogens have(More)
The oomycete Phytophthora infestans causes late blight, the most relevant disease of potato (Solanum tuberosum) worldwide. Field resistance to late blight is a complex trait. When potatoes are cultivated under long day conditions in temperate climates, this resistance is correlated with late plant maturity, an undesirable characteristic. Identification of(More)
Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria is the causal agent of bacterial spot disease on pepper (Capsicum spp.) and tomato (Lycopersicon spp.). Analysis of 17 different Lycopersicon accessions with avrBs4-expressing X. campestris pv. vesicatoria strains identified 15 resistant and two susceptible tomato genotypes. Genetic analysis revealed that AvrBs4(More)
The dominant allele Gro1 confers on potato resistance to the root cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis. The Gro1 locus has been mapped to chromosome VII on the genetic map of potato, using RFLP markers. This makes possible the cloning of Gro1 based on its map position. As part of this strategy we have constructed a high-resolution genetic map of the(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative phenotypic variation of agronomic characters in crop plants is controlled by environmental and genetic factors (quantitative trait loci = QTL). To understand the molecular basis of such QTL, the identification of the underlying genes is of primary interest and DNA sequence analysis of the genomic regions harboring QTL is a(More)
Cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz, is one of the most important crops world-wide representing the staple security for more than one billion of people. The development of dense genetic and physical maps, as the basis for implementing genetic and molecular approaches to accelerate the rate of genetic gains in breeding program represents a significant(More)